Chytrid


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Chytrid

 

the name for any of a group of lower fungi of microscopic size and primitive structure, mostly unicellular and mononuclear. The mycelium in chytrids is either totally lacking or weakly branched and atypically structured. The fungi are mainly aquatic organisms that live as saprophytes or parasites on algae, microscopic animals, or other fungi; they occasionally live on terrestrial plants.

The group includes more than 90 genera, embracing approximately 500 species, which are distributed throughout the world. Some species cause plant diseases, for example, blackleg of cabbage (Olpidium brassicae) and powdery scab of potato wart (Synchytrium endobioticum). In Soviet writings on botany, chytrids are sometimes called Archimycetes.

References in periodicals archive ?
Recent introduction of a chytrid fungus endangers Western Palearctic salamanders.
Researchers have previously cured wild amphibians of chytrid infections but then worried about sending the animals back to their fungus-infested habitats.
Cariad Roberts, in her second year at Aberystwyth, will be assessing the deadly frog disease chytrid, which is crippling global frog populations.
Called the chytrid (KY-trid) fungus, it's driven at least 200 frog species to extinction so far.
geminisae is included in the captive breeding program of the Panama Amphibian Rescue and Conservation project, a consortium of six zoos and research institutions dedicated to saving amphibians from the chytrid fungal disease, which is decimating amphibians worldwide, and habitat loss," according to the news release.
In California and elsewhere in the world, amphibians have declined in relatively pristine areas due the potentially fatal disease, chytridiomycosis, caused by the pathogenic chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis.
before the UVB exceeds the threshold or the chytrid fungus destroys our skin or trematodes further encyst in our limb buds or the meteor hits and the Earth is once more wrapped in a cloak of dust.
135) The disease, which is caused by the waterborne chytrid fungus, Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, has devastated amphibian populations around the world and has been identified as a leading cause of localized extinctions and catastrophic population losses.
Detection of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, chytrid fungi, in amphibians from lower Pennsylvania.
A hydrogenosome with pyruvate formatelyase: anaerobic chytrid fungi use an alternative route for pyruvate catabolism.
One of the main culprits of the frogs' demise was a pathogen called the chytrid fungus.