Generally mild-mannered, chytrids
usually break down dead stuff in the environment.
Farrer RA, Weinert LA, Bielby J, Garner TW, Balloux F, Clare F, Bosch J, Cunningham AA, Weldon C, du Preez LH, Anderson L, Pond SL, Shahar-Golan R, Henk DA and Fisher MC (2011) Multiple emergences of genetically diverse amphibian-infecting chytrids
include a globalized hyper-virulent recombinant lineage.
Multiple emergences of genetically diverse amphibianinfecting chytrids
include a globalized hypervirulent recombinant lineage.
We do not know what potential effects various agricultural fungicides could possibly have on populations of the pathogenic chytrids
in the region.
Figure 1 (a) Alphabetical content list (b) Hierarchical content list (a) (b) Anti-rejection Drug FUNGI Biocontrol POSITIVE USES Caterpillar Tonic Medicine Chytrids
Penicillin Club Fungi Anti-Rejection Drug Conjugation Fungi Caterpillar Tonic Disease Food Food Morels Fungi Truffles Heart Yeast Lichen Biocontrol Medicine TYPES Morels Club Fungi Negative Aspects Sac Fungi Penicillin Conjugation Fungi Poisonous Mushrooms Chytrids
Positive Uses Lichen Sac Fungi NEGATIVE ASPECTS Skin Diseases Truffles Skin Types Heart Yeast Poisonous Mushrooms
In the final section, Chapter 9 gives an excellent account of ecology of aquatic fungi, both fresh-water and marine, including the chytrids
, water moulds and the aquatic hyphomycetes (the "Ingoldian fungi").
Furthermore, most of these molecules should be absent from chytrids
, choanoflagellates and other protists.
Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis was the first member of a phylum of fungi called chytrids
found to attack vertebrates.
No significant morphologic differences between chytrids
infecting Australian and Central American amphibians were found by transmission electron microscopy, and the pathogen was identified as a member of the order Chytridiales by analysis of zoospore ultrastructure and 18s rDNA sequence data (28).
The disease at first baffled scientists because they had never known chytrids
to attack vertebrates.
Common in soil, many species of chytrids
had been known to break down dead insects and cause crop diseases.
species might tolerate the infection as no more than a nuisance, but new data from Arizona raise the possibility that chytrids
cause die-offs in the United States.