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1. a musical form consisting of a set of continuous variations upon a ground bass
2. Archaic a dance in slow triple time probably originating in Spain



an old dance. The chaconne originated in the late 16th century and acquired its characteristic stately, majestic quality in the 17th century. It is danced in a slow tempo, in ¾ time. J. B. Lully used chaconnes as concluding pieces in his ballets.

In the 17th and 18th centuries the chaconne developed as an instrumental piece with a theme repeated in the bass, in a manner similar to the passacaglia. A chaconne for violin with bass attributed to T. Vitali and the chaconne from J. S. Bach’s Partita in D Minor for Unaccompanied Violin became especially popular. Many pieces have been composed in the chaconne form, including Beethoven’s 32 Variations on an Original Theme in C Minor for Piano. Composers of the 17th and 18th centuries used the chaconne form in opera finales.

References in periodicals archive ?
The solo Cadenza provides a bridge between the Ciaccona and the Giga.
2) Se trata de la chacona --tambien xacona, ciaccona o chaconne--, cuyo origen, por derivacion linguistica, podria remontarse a la ciudad de Jacona en Michoacan o a la provincia argentina del Chaco.
Here, the sonatas, eight of which begin with a slow prelude, are made up of two or, more often, three dance movements; at the end of the volume stands a ciaccona (Largo-Allegro), and in addition there are three sections identified only by tempo designations.
Her most dramatic claim is that the Ciaccona from the Partita in D minor, BWV 1004, can be "read" as a musical epitaph for Maria Barbara Bach, who died shortly before the piece was written (Herbert Glossner, brochure notes); that argument is illustrated by the penultimate track on the disc, a simultaneous performance of that Ciaccona (played beautifully on baroque violin by Christoph Poppen) with selections from the chorale "Christ lag in Todesbanden.
To conclude, a brief look at one of the pieces in my special-affection category, the Ciaccona in C Minor (BuxWV 159).
Preludes, Toccatas, and Ciacconas for Organ (pedaliter).
The edition consists of eight toccatas, six canzonas, four suites, eight Magnificat versets, the Capriccio sopra'il cucu, a battaglia, a ciaccona, and a passacaglia.
Appropriately, it is followed by a thrilling ciaccona (played with great impulse and wit) which is based on the ground bass known to all Monteverdi lovers as that which underpins the favourite vocal duet, Zefiro torna.
His first article (JAMS, 1968) told the early history of ciaccona and passacaglia; with Margaret Hasselman he uncovered more hidden polyphony in lays of Machaut; he made significant observations on tenors of French 13th-century motets; and, in a legendary unpublished paper, he overturned the attribution to Dufay of `his' Caput Mass.
Bach: Concerti, ciaccona, partita (Deutsche Harmonia Mundi 05472 77222 2, rec 1993), and mercifully are disappointed.