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1. a musical form consisting of a set of continuous variations upon a ground bass
2. Archaic a dance in slow triple time probably originating in Spain
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an old dance. The chaconne originated in the late 16th century and acquired its characteristic stately, majestic quality in the 17th century. It is danced in a slow tempo, in ¾ time. J. B. Lully used chaconnes as concluding pieces in his ballets.

In the 17th and 18th centuries the chaconne developed as an instrumental piece with a theme repeated in the bass, in a manner similar to the passacaglia. A chaconne for violin with bass attributed to T. Vitali and the chaconne from J. S. Bach’s Partita in D Minor for Unaccompanied Violin became especially popular. Many pieces have been composed in the chaconne form, including Beethoven’s 32 Variations on an Original Theme in C Minor for Piano. Composers of the 17th and 18th centuries used the chaconne form in opera finales.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
I found it in an article on ground bass where there were about ten examples of the classic grounds that constitute the traditional ciaconna, and this was one of them.
Rachel Podger herself excels in Vitali's Ciaconna for violin and theorbo, displaying superb musical pacing and pure intonation, while William Carter resourcefully introduces popular Spanish works by Santiago de Murcia (apparently very little guitar music from Venice remains), played on a copy of a Venetian guitar.
They perform trio sonatas and Op.5 violin sonatas by Corelli, a Gabrielli cello sonata, Fuga e Ciaconna for archlute by Romano and Pasquini''s Roccata in G minor.
Because more than half of Buxtehude's choral works are for a single voice, in today's terminology, it is found that these often are lumped together under the generic title "Cantata for Solo Voice," or, more simply, "Solo Cantata." However, three groups with variant styles and titles were composed by Buxtehude--concertos, ciaconnas, and arias--all of them published today as "cantatas."