Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to Cichorium: Cichorium endivia



(chicory), a genus of perennial, biennial, or annual herbs of the family Compositae. A milky sap is found throughout the plants. The leaves vary in shape from pinnatifid to toothed; the basal leaves are in a rosette formation. The inflorescences are heads borne in the axils of the leaves and on top of the stem and branches. The ligulate, bisexual flowers are light or dark blue, bluish pink, or whitish. The fruit is an achene with a very short pappus.

There are eight to ten species native to Eurasia and North Africa; the plants have been introduced into the temperate and subtropical belts of both hemispheres. There are four species in the USSR. The common chicory (C. intybus), a perennial with a long taproot, grows in dry-valley meadows, on the edges of forests and fields, on fallow land, in wastelands, amid crops (mainly forage grasses), and along roads and ditches. The plant yields a substantial amount of nectar and is eaten as pasturage by livestock. The roots contain the polysaccharide inulin and the bitter glycoside intybin. Common chicory is cultivated as a biennial; commonly grown are the Borisovskii and Ispolinskii varieties. The thickened roots of cultivated forms are used as a coffee substitute and an additive in coffee; they are also used in the production of high-quality alcohol. The etiolated leaves are used as salad. The roots of wild chicory are used as an agent for increasing the appetite and for improving digestion. A tea made from the roots has antimicrobial and astringent properties.

The endive (C. endivia) is cultivated in Mediterranean countries and the southern regions of the USSR as a salad plant. It is unknown in the wild.


Ipat’ev, A. N. Ovoshchnye rasteniia zemnogo sham. Minsk, 1966.


Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Effects of the ethanol extract of Cichorium intybus on the immunotoxicity by ethanol in mice.
Crude extracts of hepatoprotective plants, Solanum nigrum and Cichorium intybus inhibit free radical-mediated DNA damage.
Anti- and pro-oxidant activity of water soluble compounds in Cichorium intybus var.
Antihepatotoxic activity of seeds of Cichorium intybus.
Malva parviflora (31%), Oxalis pes-caprae (24%), Portulaca oleracea (19%) and Cichorium endivia (6%) are eaten as leaves.
The interviewed informants mentioned that Cichorium endivia used for treating stomach inflammation and liver diseases, while the literature study reported Cichorium endivia L.
The interviewed informants mentioned some wild plants consumed cooked, for example, Malva sylvestris, Cichorium endivia, Oxalis pes-capare, Portulaca oleracea and Asparagus horridus.
Liv-52 formulation consists of Capparis spinosa, Cichorium intybus, Solanum nigrum, Terminalia arjuna, Achillea millefolium, Tamarix gallica and Mandur basma.
Each Liv-52 tablet contains extracts of Capparis spinosa 65 mg, Cichorium intybus 65 mg, Solanum nigrum 32 mg, Cassia occidentalis 16 mg, T.
37 Cichorium intybus L * S,L,R 38 Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten.
Effect of harvest date and cultivar on Cichorium intybus yield components in north Italy.