water hemlock

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Related to Cicuta: Socrates, Cicuta virosa

water hemlock:

see poison hemlockpoison hemlock,
lethally poisonous herbaceous plant (Conium maculatum) of the family Umbelliferae (parsley family). It has rank, finely divided foliage, flat-topped clusters of small white flowers, and a hollow, purple-mottled stem.
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Water Hemlock

 

(Cicuta), a genus of plants of the family Umbelliferae. Perennial water or marsh grasses with double or quadruple pinnate leaves. Small white blossoms, gathered into compound umbels. Fruit mostly rounded with mericarps slightly compressed on the sides. About ten (by other data, up to 20) species, mainly in North America.

In the USSR, the Eurasian species, C. virosa, is widespread: stalk hollow, height 50-150 cm; leaves double or triple pinnate; vertical rhizome divided into chambers by septa. The plant grows in marshes, on wet meadows, in alder thickets, and along swamped banks of rivers, lakes, and ditches. This is one of the most poisonous plants of the flora of the USSR. Especially dangerous are the rhizome and roots, which contain the poisonous substance cicutoxin. Domestic animals (chiefly cattle and sheep) are poisoned most frequently in autumn or spring. In intoxication, there is salivation, restlessness, distention of the rumen, frequent discharge of feces and urine, and convulsive contraction of the jaws. Characteristic are repeated tonic spasms (with prolonged contraction of muscles) and collapse of the animal, rapid pulse, and slow respiration. Death results from suffocation. Treatment consists of the immediate use of tannin, carbon, and laxative and cardiac (caffein) drugs; in the event of convulsions, chloral hydrate is used.

REFERENCE

Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.
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Glyceria triflora 1 + + 2 r Beckmannia syzigachne r 2 + Equisetum fluviatile + 1 2 Eleocharis palustris + + Eleocharis mamillata Companions Ranunculus sceleratus r r Agrostis stolonifera + r Persicaria hydropiper r r Bidens raidatus r r Other species: Carex vesicata 2 in 3; Ranunculus radicans 3 in 4; Agrostis gigantea r, Juncus ranarius + in 7; Carex acuta and Hippuris vulgaris + in 8; Sparganium glomeratum +, Ranunculus gmelinii 1 in 9; Alisma plantago-aquatica, Alopecurus aequalis and Riccia rhenana r, Cicuta virosa 1 in 11; Carex rostrata and Typha latifolia +, Spirodela polyrhiza 1 in 12.
Con las secuencias ITS del material argentino y de todas las especies de Oenanthe disponibles en GenBank, mas una secuencia de Cicuta maculata var.
Ordenan a Cleopatra se reivindique y tome la cicuta de Socrates.
1 2 -- Cicuta virosa 4 -- -- Elodea canadensis 10 17 7 Equisetum fluviatile 5 7 1 Fontinalis antipyretica 29 14 5 Glyceria fluitans 9 4 2 Glyceria maxima 2 5 -- Hippuris vulgaris 2 4 -- Hydrocharis morsus-ranae 2 1 -- Iris pseudacorus 3 6 -- Lemna gibba 1 6 -- Lemna minor 19 18 2 Lemna trisulca 9 9 2 Mentha aquatica 16 14 3 Myriophyllum spicatum 6 4 -- Nuphar lutea 26 24 4 Phalaris arundinacea 21 15 6 Phragmites australis 10 7 3 Potamogeton alpinus 11 6 1 Potamogeton berchtoldii -- 2 -- Potamogeton crispus 1 -- -- Potamogeton gramineus 1 1 1 Potamogeton lucens 3 4 -- Potamogeton natans 4 1 -- Potamogeton perfoliatus 11 8 1 Potamogeton praelongus 6 2 1 Potamogeton sp.
1999b): "Mero Cicuta (Departamento Los Lagos, Provincia del Neuquen, Argentina)".
Contam varios historiadores que, em Marselha, neste periodo, havia um deposito publico de cicuta a disposicao de todos.
Pero si tu tienes razon, si tu herida te justifica y la muerte florece entre tus manos con el mismo desinteres que la cicuta, entonces, ignominioso constructor de patrias, se un elegido de los dioses y revienta pronto.
214-215, segnala un modello nel De rerum natura di Lucrezio (V, 1382-1383, et zcphyri, cauaper calamorum, sibila primum /agrestis docuere cauas inflare cicutas: la scoperta della melodia musicale da parte deu'umanita primitiva): oltre al verbo col suo valore specifico, anche la parola cicuta (ricorrente solamente due volte in tutte le Bucoliche) e <<di chiara ascendenza lucreziana>>.
Although Vergil uses a variety of terms to refer to his shepherds' instruments without any apparent distinction (stipula, fistula, avena, harundo, tibia, cicuta, and calamus), calamus (like harundo in line 8) can signify both 'pipe' and 'writing instrument.
Nao pode haver progresso na doutrina pela qual se justifica a cicuta de Socrates e a cruz de Jesus Cristo
Entre ellos, el filosofo Socrates, quien apuntalo su postura filosofica al beberse hasta la ultima gota de la cicuta ordenada por las autoridades atenienses; tambien Demostenes, quien silencio por propia mano la grandiosidad de su oratoria, y Anibal, el valeroso general cartagines, que prefirio suicidarse antes que ser entregado por su pueblo a la Republica de Roma.