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the edible fruit of Manilkara zapota (formerly Achras zapota), of the family Sapotaceae. The fleshy, brown fruit is the size of a small tomato, and has the flavor and texture of cinnamon, apple, and pear. The fruits are very astringent when young and must be fully ripened and soft to be eaten. The latex of the sapodilla plant is also the source of chiclechicle
, name for the gum obtained from the latex of the sapodilla tree (Manilkara zapota), a tropical American evergreen. The sapodilla (known also by many other common names) is widely cultivated in tropical regions, including S Florida, for its fruit, which is
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, the chewing gum of the Aztecs. Another species, M. bidentata, produces a latex that is the source of balata, a non-elastic rubber that is used for manufacturing boots, machine belts, and items in tropical South America. Sapodilla is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Ebenales, family Sapotaceae.
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Although this tree only grows in warm, tropical areas, I included it because the latex from this tree is the original source of chewing gum and the Sapodilla fruit is super sweet tasting like malty caramel dipped in brown sugar. These trees are popular in warm areas from Mexico to India, tropical Asia, Philippines, Caribbean, and people are starting to grow them in southern Florida, California, Hawaii and greenhouses. It can grow to 100 feet tall (30m). Wind-resistant. Bark is rich in a white, gummy latex called "chicle", containing 15% rubber and 38% resin, which makes it a great base for chewing gum. Tree has glossy elliptical leaves, little white bell-like flowers, with a six-lobed corolla. Fruit is large elliptical berry resembling a smooth potato containing two to ten black seeds that have a hook on one end. Don’t swallow the seeds whole or they will hook into your throat. Fruit inner flesh is yellow to golden brown with grainy pear-like texture. Fruit has a high latex content and does not ripen until picked, whereupon the fruit softens to a firmness and appearance very similar to that of a fuzzy, brown-skinned kiwi. Unripe fruit are high in tannins which dry out the mouth (very astringent) and contain high levels of saponin. Tree bears fruit twice a year. Young leafy shoots can be eaten raw. Fruits, leaves, flowers and bark used for diarrhea, coughs, colds, pulmonary issues, Crushed seeds are a diuretic claimed to expel bladder and kidney stones. A fluid extract of the crushed seeds is sedative. Seed paste is applied on stings and bites from venomous animals. The latex is used in the tropics as a crude filling for tooth cavities.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Manilkara achras, Manilkara zapota, or Achras zapota), a plant of the family Sapotaceae. An evergreen tree measuring 15–20 m tall, the sapodilla has ovate or elliptic leathery leaves and small, white flowers. The rounded or oval fruits, which measure 5–10 cm across, contain ten to 12 hard black seeds and have sweet and juicy yellow-brown flesh. The sapodilla grows in tropical rain forests of Central and South America; it is cultivated in all tropical countries as a fruit and industrial plant. The milky juice obtained from the bark contains 20–25 percent of a substance closely related to gutta-percha, which is used to manufacture chewing gum.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In Doha, Ciku's main role is to prepare the meals, take care of the family's four primary schoolaged children, and keep the house tidy.
Ciku has been really focused on her goals and has been saving money to fund her future business.
"If you need anything, just shout." Immediately we hang up I send an e-mail to Ciku asking her to screen all my phone calls and guests for the next two hours.
" But you don't know h-h-ow frightening he is," Ciku is wailing out loudly now, no longer able to contain her fear.
I can see the nuts and bolts working in Ciku's face as she weighs her pros and cons.
I look up it's Ciku, looking much less fragile than when I saw her earlier, and extremely resolute.
I was jolted back into the moment, and I peered past him through the open door to see Ciku sitting at her desk, a rather terrified look on her face.
"So what is it you want?" class="MsoNormalspan xml:lang="EN-GB"I'll keep this meeting short," I said as I swung my laptop towards him, the email with the stories Ciku had sent me was open for him to see.
class="MsoNormalI tell Louise how I summoned her to my office, knowing that if there was any dirt to be found, Ciku would be the one to find it.
So what did you do next?" I asked Ciku if she could get some of the women to send me short emails detailing what Frank had said and done to them and send them directly to me.
"Hey!" Ciku shouts, startling me in my tracks and causing me to pause mid-motion.
Ciku narrows her eyes at me and looks towards Chris, who gently waves her concerns away."Thank you for all the good work you do for me, Ciru," he says, "but I'll handle this from here.