Cimmerians

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Cimmerians

(sĭmēr`eənz), ancient people of S Russia of whom little is actually known. They are mentioned in Homer, but they emerge into history only in the 8th cent. B.C. when they were driven by the Scythians (see ScythiaScythia
, ancient region of Eurasia, extending from the Danube on the west to the borders of China on the east. The Scythians flourished from the 8th to the 4th cent. B.C. They spoke an Indo-Iranian language but had no system of writing.
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) from their former home in Crimea and came to the region around Lake Van (in present-day E Turkey). Defeated (634 B.C.) by the Scythians, the Cimmerians swept across Asia Minor, plundering Lydia and breaking the power of PhrygiaPhrygia
, ancient region, central Asia Minor (now central Turkey). The Phrygians, who settled here c.1200 B.C., came from the Balkans and apparently spoke an Indo-European language.
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. The biblical GomerGomer
, in the Bible. 1 Wife of the prophet Hosea. 2 Son of Japheth and eponym of a people, probably the Cimmerians.
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 may be the eponym of the Cimmerians, and they are mentioned in the inscriptions of the Assyrians, with whom they warred.

Cimmerians

 

tribes that inhabited the northeastern part of the Black Sea coastal region in the eighth and seventh centuries B.C. They were given their name by the ancient Assyrians. In the sixth century B.C., Greek colonists referred to the Kerch Strait as the Bosporus Cimmerius (Cimmerian Bosporus). According to Herodotus and other historians, the Cimmerians lived in the area north of the Black Sea as far as Thrace, but they were driven out of the region by the Scythians. (Greek historians and geographers, however, often confused the Cimmerians with the Scythians.) In the 670’s B.C., the Cimmerians in Asia Minor seized Phrygia, and in the 650’s B.C. they conquered Lydia. They lingered longest in Cappadocia, in the vicinity of Sinope (up to the end of the seventh century B.C.), where they intermingled with the local population. Ancient “Scythian” arrowheads found at the excavations of Boǧazköy, Sardis, Gordium, and other cities in modern Turkey testify to Cimmero-Scythian penetration into Asia Minor. In the archaeology of the Black Sea-Balkan countries, the name Cimmerian is connected with the culture of the transitional period between the Bronze Age and the Iron Age.

REFERENCES

D’iakonov, I. M. Istoriia Midii. Leningrad, 1956.
Piotrovskii, B. B. Arkheologiia Zakavkaz’ia s drevneishikh vremen do 1 tysiacheletiia do n. e. Leningrad, 1949.
Krupnov, E. I. “Kimmeriitsy na Severnom Kavkaze.” In the collection Materialy i issledovaniia po arkheologii SSSR, vol. 68. Moscow-Leningrad, 1958.
El’nitskii, L. A. Znaniia drevnikh o severnykh stranakh. Moscow, 1961.

L. A. EL’NITSKII

Cimmerians

dwellers in the land beyond Ocean, where the sun never shone. [Gk. Myth.: Odyssey XI:14]

Cimmerians

half-mythical people dwelling in eternal gloom. [Gk. Lit.: Odyssey]
See: Night
References in periodicals archive ?
Oddly Holbrooke relented from the "Cimmerian pitch-blackness" of the auditorium in force for the initial performances of his opera The Children of Don in 1912 substituting "semi-darkness" instead (Tire Stage 4 July 1912: 19).
--: <<Queen of the Black Coast>>, en The Coming of Conan the Cimmerian, O.
However, the city was taken and destroyed by the Cimmerians, some time between 726 BC and 660 BC.
1) hinterland formed in a fore arc basin on the north-eastern part of Cimmerian plate.
The amphibolite facies metamorphism in early Cimmerian orogeny could be correlated with the regional [D.sub.1] deformation.
'The Cimmerian Bosporus in the year of revolutions.' AHB 13:141-150.
Conan the Barbarian Director: Marcus Nispel Cast: Jason Momoa, Ron Perlman, Rose McGowan Plot: Conan is a young Cimmerian man cast adrift in the world by the brutal murder of his father and the destruction of his village.
A quest that begins as a personal vendetta for the fierce Cimmerian warrior soon turns into an epic battle against hulking rivals, horrific monsters, and impossible odds, as Conan realises he is the only hope of saving the great nations of Hyboria from an encroaching reign of supernatural evil.
*** Conan The Barbarian (15) Robert E Howard's Cimmerian warrior gets a muscular and bloodily visceral reboot that hews closely to both the original stories and the Marvel Comics with Jason Momoa swinging the sword and battling sorcery in his quest for vengeance.
Based on the original works of pulp fiction writer Robert E Howard, this is a swords and sorcery tale in all its violent glory and stars Game Of Thrones actor Jason Momoa as the Cimmerian warrior.
Moreover, the Cimmerian author Ukko Ahti's novel Learning from the Steep Slope turns out to be the novel Without Fear of Wind or Vertigo by the Cimbrian author with pseudonym Vorts Viljandi.