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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of birds of the order Passeriformes. The body is 17–20 cm long and weighs 50–80 g. The wings are short, and the plumage is dense. The nostrils and ear openings have skin coverings. The birds are able to dive, swim, and walk underwater for about 15 seconds.

There are five species of Cinclus, distributed in Europe, northwestern Africa, Asia (north of the Himalayas), and the western regions of North and South America. Two species are found in the USSR. The dipper, or water ouzel (Cinclus cinclus), is brown with white markings. It is encountered in the Northwest European USSR, the Urals, the Caucasus, Southern Siberia, and the mountains of Middle Asia. Pallas’ dipper (C. pallasii), which has uniformly brown coloration, inhabits the Soviet Far East, the Kuril Islands, Sakhalin, and the mountains of Middle Asia.

The Cinclus live along mountain rivers and, less frequently, spring-fed rivers of the plains. Their globular nests, made from moss and stems, are built near water on cliffs or in ravines. A clutch contains three to seven white eggs, which are incubated by the female for approximately 16 days. The young leave the nest in 19 to 24 days. The Cinclus feed on aquatic insects, mollusks, and small fish.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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"We estimate that we have been able to bring the AMR solution to market 50 percent faster than we would otherwise have done using traditional Java programming tools," said Torleif Grasto, Project Manager, Telenor Cinclus. "It was imperative that we implemented the AMR solution in the shortest possible timeframe in order to capitalize on the 'first to market' advantage.
The service agreement with Telenor Cinclus includes the metering equipment, the system, maintenance and collection of meter readings over the years 2006-2016, as well as several options for future development and upgrading.
The Norwegian power IT solutions group Powel ASA said on Wednesday (31 May) that it had signed a contract regarding delivery of Meter Data Management as a partner and subcontractor to Telenor Cinclus AB, a subsidiary of the Norwegian telecomms group Telenor ASA.
Powel would supply software system and services that would support Telenor Cinclus' Automatic Meter Reading (AMR) project with the Finnish energy group Fortum Corporation.
NORDIC BUSINESS REPORT-13 December 2005-Telenor Cinclus AS to supply new meter reading technology to E.ON Sweden(C)1994-2005 M2 COMMUNICATIONS LTD
Norwegian telecomms group Telenor ASA said on Tuesday (13 December) that its 66%-owned subsidiary Telenor Cinclus AS would supply new meter reading technology to E.ON Sweden.
The relationship between prey availability and the foraging tactics of vertebrate consumers in aquatic systems has been used to assess habitat quality not only for loons (Alvo, 1986) but for other species as well, including sea otters (Enhydra lutris) (Estes et al., 1986) and dippers (Cinclus cinclus) (Omerod and Tyler, 1987).
The total value of the delivery is some SEK350m, which is split between TietoEnator and its main contract partner, Telenor Cinclus.
Norwegian telecomms group Telenor ASA said on Thursday (30 June) that Skagerak Energi was acquiring a 34% share of Telenor Cinclus and was entering into an agreement to offer its customers automatic meter-reading using mobile technology.
During the last two years Telenor Cinclus has developed a solution that uses mobile technology to register and compile data relating to the electrical consumption of Norwegian households.