The cineole
has antibacterial, antifungal, insecticidal, anti-inflammatory, antiparasitic, repellent, antioxidant, and analgesic properties.
, an active ingredient of Eucalyptus oil has been reported as non-toxic and raises no concern to human health during in-vivo studies (37).
For example, in no-choice diet trials, food intake by pygmy rabbits begins to decline above 5% cineole
, but was 3-5 times higher than that of cottontails (Shipley et al.
It contains 1-4% volatile oil containing cineole
, zingiberene, borneol, and resins like gingerol and shogaol.
The Antitussive Effects of Menthol, Camphor and Cineole
in Conscious Guinea-pigs.
x piperita essential oil used in the pharmaceutical industry in Europe should be within the following ranges: limonene 1.0-5.0%, cineole
3.5-14.0%, menthone 14.0-32.0%, menthofuran 1.0-9.0%, isomenthone 1.5-10.0%, menthyl acetate 2.8-10.0%, isopulegol--maximum 0.2%, menthol 30.0-55.0%, pulegone--maximum 4.0%, and carvone--maximum 1.0%.
For example, fetal exposure to an aromatic cue (cineole
) followed by ethanol intoxication results in increased postnatal grasping of a surrogate nipple aromatized with cineole
(Abate et al., 2002).
Others may be adulterated for economic reasons, such as the past instances where eucalyptol (used in fragrances and cosmetics) was adulterated with cineole
from camphor seeds (far cheaper but with more problematic effects).
For example, minor synergy between 1,8 cineole
and [alpha]-pinene, and 1,8 cineole
and caryophyllene epoxide, and antagonism between 1,8-cineole and camphor.
Ada cayi yapraklarinin damitilmasi ile elde edilen ada cayi yagi; salvene, pinene, camphor, cineole
, borneol, thujone, sponin, diterpene, phenolic asit, salviatanin, ursokolik asit, kafeik asit ve flavonoidleri icerir (1-3).
There are 4 tables in this chapter which even address oils known for their 1,8 cineole
content as well as those with a commercial or medicinal potential.