Cinque Ports


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Cinque Ports

(sĭngk) [O. Fr.,=five ports], name applied to an association of maritime towns in Sussex and Kent, SE England. They originally numbered five: Hastings, Romney (now New Romney), Hythe, Dover, and Sandwich. The association was informally organized in the 11th cent., and a formal charter was drawn up in the 13th cent. In the 12th cent., Winchelsea and Rye were added with privileges and duties similar to those of the founding members. Later, neighboring places were added as "limbs" or "members." The Cinque Ports reached their peak of significance during the Anglo-French struggle in the 14th cent. The main duty of the ports was the provision of ships and men for protection against invasion at a time when England had no permanent navy. (The ports form an arc along the coast most likely to receive an invasion from the European continent.) In return the crown allowed the members various privileges, such as exemption from taxation and from certain laws governing municipalities. The highest officer of the chartered organization was the lord warden of the Cinque Ports, who had extensive civil, military, and naval duties. His official residence was at Walmer Castle, near Deal. After Henry VII (1485–1509) founded the royal navy, the association declined. It contributed only five ships to defeat the Spanish Armada in 1588. The office of lord warden remains but has no real power.
References in periodicals archive ?
Modeling for the Cinque Ports seamount was performed as an attempt to identify volcanic structures.
The sea and the marsh; the medieval Cinque Port of New Romney revealed through archaeological excavations and historical research.
The qualification was led by Gary Boyd (Cherwell Edge) after a 64 at Cinque Ports, while a number of notables found the conditions too much for them.
The reigning Welsh open stroke-play and European Champion from the Vale Resort posted a two over par 73 over the Royal Cinque Ports course at Deal and now requires just a reasonable round at nearby Princes today to move comfortably into the last 64.
THE NEIGHBOURHOOD Rye is an ancient gem in the Cinque Ports - a historic series of coastal towns in Sussex and Kent.
Westwood was at Royal St George's on Monday, but Donald's determination to improve his record can be gauged by the fact that he has been to Sandwich too in the past week and also played three other links courses in the area - Prince's, Rye and Royal Cinque Ports.
REFERENCE the article on the Cinque Ports Racing shop (January 12), owner Brian Mason has been my boss of more than 24 years.
WHILE Princess Eugenie contemplates studying at an American University, which would require the presence of two hugely expensive specialist officers at her side, Prince Andrew has been helicoptered from his Windsor home to Deal Cinque Ports Golf Club in Kent.
The recent very wet weather has not made conditions for the 288 players aiming to qualify for the Matchplay stages of the 2007 English Amateur Championship any easier over the famous Kent links of Royal St Georges and Royal Cinque Ports, writes David Morgan.
While some of the papers describe specific issues--piracy in England's Cinque ports, and the Red Sea expedition of Reynald of Chatillon--most grapple with larger themes.
They had to be content with the Silver Medal after going down to Spain six of the half to a half in the Final over the challenging Royal Cinque Ports Course at Deal on the Kent coast.