Under the FAIR project development, calculation, Auskonstruktion and creation was fully mature production, as well as CE-compliant documentation of integrated kryomagnetischen quadrupole modules with superconducting magnets, Strahldiagnose- and vacuum components, and advertised special installations for the circular accelerator
Two beams of subatomic particles called "hadrons" - either protons or lead ions - will travel in opposite directions inside the circular accelerator
, gaining energy with every lap before eventually colliding with each other.
To do this, they turned to Lawrence Berkeley's synchrotron, a circular accelerator
approximately 65 meters in diameter.
So far, the procedure has worked only in a doughnut-size, circular accelerator
, which the scientists developed over several years explicitly to determine whether crystal beams were possible.
The European group is building a more conventional but gigantic circular accelerator
, at a cost of more than $1 billion.
These are large circular accelerators
with a diameter of between two and 10m, respectively.
Electrostatic accelerators that are also linear devices are mentioned briefly, as are some of the circular accelerators
and their applications.