cardiac arrest

(redirected from Circulatory arrest)
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cardiac arrest

[′kärd·ē‚ak ə′rest]
(medicine)
Cessation of the heartbeat.
References in periodicals archive ?
AAD: Acute Aortic Dissection; CABG: Coronary Artery Bypass Graft; COPD: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease; CPB: Cardiopulmonary Bypass; CVA: Cerebrovascular Accident; DHCA: Deep Hypothermic Circulatory Arrest; EuroSCORE: Europian System of Cardiac Operation Risk Evaluation; ICU: Intensive Care Unit; LVEF: Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction; NYHA: New York Heart Association
Rajeswaran et al., "Does the arterial cannulation site for circulatory arrest influence stroke risk?" Annals of Thoracic Surgery, vol.
Ultrasound devices are nowadays widely available in ICUs, but while Transcranial Doppler sonography for the identification of cerebral circulatory arrest requires trained and skilled sonographers, ONSD evaluation, to early detect the optic nerve sheath swelling in cases of intracranial hypertension, may be performed with minimal training and, above all, noninvasively [20, 21].
In recent years there have been more and more reports on an alternative surgical approach without use of cardiopulmonary bypass and circulatory arrest [2].
The Czech team has for the first time proved that hematopoietic stem cells are resistant to adverse conditions caused by the blood circulatory arrest.
"Cognitive impairment is more of an issue in patients that require cardiopulmonary bypass or circulatory arrest," says William M.
During brief hypothermic circulatory arrest lasting 7 minutes, an incision was made on the wall of the right atrium.
This includes: 1) the possibility that medical non-suitability may preclude organ donation; 2) that heparin will be given following extubation and apnoea to prevent intra-vascular coagulation following cessation of circulation; 3) that organ donation can only occur if circulatory arrest occurs within 90 minutes of WOLST and 4) that the family will have several minutes to say goodbye to their immediately deceased relative prior to the deceased patient being taken to the operating room for retrieval surgery.
After circulatory arrest in humans and primates, it takes less than 20 seconds for the EEG to become isoelectric.
At this point, it was elected to institute full bypass and circulatory arrest. Another cannula was placed into the pulmonary artery and a #20 DLP (Medtronic, Inc.) cannula was placed into the aortic arch.
There are some methods to maintain perfusion of brain, distal organs and spine (to prevent paraplegia) and to prevent proximal hypertension and ventricular afterload during clamping of thoracic aortic aneurysm above and below the involved segment (5-8), Some of these methods are deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA), passive shunts (PS) and active shunts (AS).