Cirripedia


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Cirripedia

[‚sir·ə′pēd·ē·ə]
(invertebrate zoology)
A subclass of the Crustacea, including the barnacles and goose barnacles; individuals are free-swimming in the larval stages but permanently fixed in the adult stage.

Cirripedia

 

an order of crustaceans. Members of the order are sessile. Some parasitize other animals, mainly decapods.

The body of nonparasitic representatives, for example, members of the superfamilies Balanomorpha and Lepadomorpha, is covered with a mantle that excretes calcareous plates, forming the shell. The height of the shell is 1–40 cm. The body, which is divided into a head, thorax, and abdomen, has antennules on the head that are converted into organs of attachment. There are also oral extremities on the head. The thorax has six pairs of long, segmented cirri, by means of which the crustacean forces water with food particles (tiny organisms) into its mantle cavity.

Most members of the family are hermaphroditic; some have supplementary dwarfed males. The saclike body of parasitic species lacks a shell, extremities, and an intestine. The organism hatches from an egg and develops into a nauplius, which is then transformed into a cypris larva. The Cirripedia live in seas, attaching themselves to solid objects. The Balanomorpha foul the bottoms of seagoing vessels.

The Cirripedia include approximately 700 species. Seas of the USSR, except the Caspian and Aral seas, have approximately 50 species.

REFERENCES

Darwin, C. Usonogie raki: Sochineniia, vol. 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1936.
Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 2. Moscow, 1968.
Tarasov, N. I., and G. B. Zevina. Usonogie raki (Cirripedia Thoracica) morei SSSR. Moscow-Leningrad, 1957. (Fauna SSSR: Novaia seriia, no. 69.)
Dogel’, V. A. Zoologiia bespozvonochnykh, 6th ed. Moscow, 1975.

A. V. IVANOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Phylogenetic classification in Darwin's monograph on the sub-class Cirripedia.
In the SSC, Cirripedia is a critical case in which most taxa are introduced, and all introduced taxa are widespread (three species in three sites, one in two sites).
Barnacle invasions: introduced, cryptogenic, and range expanding Cirripedia of North and South America.
The mechanism of extrusion of the cement differs in the various species of Cirripedia Thoracica.
Natural cyclic degeneration by a sequence of programmed cell death modes in Semibalanus balanoides (Linnaeus, 1767) (Crustacea, Cirripedia Thoracica).
Report on the Cirripedia collected by the surveying ships of the Imperial Fisheries Experimental Station on the continental shelf bordering Japan.
0 0 0 12 4 Cirripedia 4 0 0 0 0 Decapoda (larvae) 0 0 0 3 4 Emerita analoga 0 0 0 3 4 Medusae 0 0 0 3 8 Cunina peregrina 0 0 0 3 0 Obelia spp.
De acuerdo a la clasificacion propuesta por Martin & Davis (2001), dentro de los crustaceos, la infraclase Cirripedia esta constituida por tres superordenes: Acrothoracica, Rhizocephala y Thoracica.
Indice bibliografico sobre biodiversidad acuatica de Chile: Crustacea, Cirripedia, Thoracica.
Decapoda, Gammaridea, Cirripedia, Stomatopoda, Isopoda) are primarily opaqu e, but with many exceptions among pelagic and benthopelagic subgroups (e.