Cisalpine Republic


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Cisalpine Republic

(sĭsăl`pīn), Italian state created by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1797 by uniting the Transpadane and Cispadane republics, which he had established (1796) N and S of the Po River. The new republic included the former duchies of Milan, Parma, and Modena, the legations of Bologna and Ferrara, and the Romagna. By the Treaty of Campo Formio (1797), Austria recognized the republic, to which were added the Venetian territories W of the Adige (including Bergamo and Brescia), the duchy of Mantua, and the formerly Swiss Valtellina. The republic was in fact subject to France, and its constitution was based on the French model. In 1799 the Austro-Russian armies occupied it, but Bonaparte recovered it in 1800. By the Treaty of Lunéville (1801) its nominal autonomy was restored. In 1802 it became the Italian Republic and in 1805, with the addition of Venetia, the Napoleonic kingdom of Italy. It was broken up by the Congress of ViennaVienna, Congress of,
Sept., 1814–June, 1815, one of the most important international conferences in European history, called to remake Europe after the downfall of Napoleon I.
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 in 1815.

Cisalpine Republic

 

a northern Italian republic dependent on France. The Cisalpine Republic was established by Napoleon Bonaparte in June 1797. In addition to the territory of the Cispadane Republic, it included such regions as Lombardy and Romagna. From May 1799 to June 1800 the Cisalpine Republic was occupied by the Austrians. It was reorganized in January 1802 as the Italian Republic, which in 1805 was transformed by Napoleon into the Kingdom of Italy.

References in periodicals archive ?
Commissions and retainers had to be paid in cash, and by 1803 he was receiving regular bribes from Austria, Prussia, Naples, the Pope, the King of Sardinia, the Cisalpine Republic, the Batavian Republic, and the Ottoman Grand Vizier.
His doctoral thesis had been on the Napoleonic Cisalpine Republic, where he encountered some of the bizarre characters and phenomena that provided the subject matter of The Mythology of Secret Societies (1972).
This unusual situation started in the eighth century with the gift of the small parcel of land by the Lord of Campione to St Ambrosius of Milan Managing to bypass war and disputes down the succeeding centuries Campione was incorrected firms in the Cisalpine Republic and thence into the kingdom of Italy on its creation in 1861 and has remained to while happily letting the Swiss look after currency customs post and telephone services.
Within months of Amiens, Napoleon had annexed Piedmont and been `elected' President of the new Cisalpine Republic, thus effectively controlling northern Italy.