Ciskei


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Related to Ciskei: Transkei, Bophuthatswana, Gazankulu

Ciskei

(sĭskī`), former black "homeland" and nominal republic, SE South Africa, in what is now Eastern Cape prov. Surrounded by the former Cape Province of South Africa, it consisted of two parcels of land, the larger one bordering the Indian Ocean to the southeast. The capital was Bisho (now Bhisho). Ciskei was largely dependent on South Africa for economic support.

Under acts of the South African Parliament, land was set aside for blacks in pseudoindependent territories (originally called "bantustans"), allegedly to allow blacks self-government and cultural preservation. Ciskei was designated for Xhosa-speaking people. In 1961, Ciskei became a separate administrative territory and in 1972 was declared "self-governing." During the 1970s Xhosa-speaking people were relocated to the homeland.

In 1981, Ciskei became the fourth homeland to be granted "independence" and subsequently its residents' South African citizenship was revoked. Ciskei, like all of the homelands, was not recognized as an independent nation by the international community. Even after the legal foundation of apartheidapartheid
[Afrik.,=apartness], system of racial segregation peculiar to the Republic of South Africa, the legal basis of which was largely repealed in 1991–92. History
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 was largely struck down in 1991–92, the Ciskei government remained closely aligned with the South African government. In Sept., 1992, Ciskei police fired on a crowd of African National Congress demonstrators, killing 28 and wounding several hundred. South Africa took control of Ciskei in early 1994 after a coup by local police, and later that year, Ciskei and the other homelands were reincorporated into South Africa after the nation's first all-race elections.

Ciskei

(formerly) a Bantustan in SE South Africa; granted independence in 1981 but this was not recognized outside South Africa; abolished in 1993. Capital: Bisho
References in periodicals archive ?
Faith and Chris were very happy in the Ciskei. A loving and open home was created in Seymour, a third daughter arrived, the practice was thriving, and Chris was in his element.
The province has an approximate geographical area of 169 580 [km.sup.2], which represents 14% of the country's land area.'11 It was formed by the amalgamation of the two former homelands, Transkei and Ciskei, with the border regions of East London and Port Elizabeth (both former Cape Provincial Administration).
For some reason, Bophuthatswana seemed to have more leeway than other homelands such as Transkei and Ciskei in hiring expatriate staff.
This correlates with Gugushe (2006) where it was reported that in some villages in the former Ciskei area of South Africa, most villagers prefer firewood for cooking and house heating despite the fact that they have access to electricity.
Only hospitals providing primary care, generally the point of first entry for patients in the different regions (the former Transkei and Ciskei), were included.
My work was initially in inner city Johannesburg and then in Nelson Mandela Bay and in the rural areas of the former homelands of the Ciskei and the Transkei where Rolihlahla Mandela was born.
We visited the Bantustans, the puppet black 'states' within South Africa, set up by apartheid to pretend the country's blacks were not South African, but citizens of Ciskei, Transkei and other Orwellian deceptions.
Chairman of the Council of State, Ciskei ([1992] 3 S Afr LR 250 at 265, (Ciskei HC)), the court held as follows: "This Court has always stated openly that it is not the maker of laws.
I emigrated to South Africa in 1983 where I held the posts of Chief Nature Conservation Officer for Ciskei, and founding Director of the Bophuthatswana National Parks and Wildlife Management Board.
These Bantustans, known collectively by the initialism TBVC (Transkei, Bophuthatswana, Venda, and Ciskei), each had their own military forces.
Simplified techniques for assessing veld condition for livestock production in the Ciskei Region.
If our pride will only get us into trouble with the authorities or get us deported to the dry and barren Ciskei, does it benefit anything.