Ciskei


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Related to Ciskei: Transkei, Bophuthatswana, Gazankulu

Ciskei

(sĭskī`), former black "homeland" and nominal republic, SE South Africa, in what is now Eastern Cape prov. Surrounded by the former Cape Province of South Africa, it consisted of two parcels of land, the larger one bordering the Indian Ocean to the southeast. The capital was Bisho (now Bhisho). Ciskei was largely dependent on South Africa for economic support.

Under acts of the South African Parliament, land was set aside for blacks in pseudoindependent territories (originally called "bantustans"), allegedly to allow blacks self-government and cultural preservation. Ciskei was designated for Xhosa-speaking people. In 1961, Ciskei became a separate administrative territory and in 1972 was declared "self-governing." During the 1970s Xhosa-speaking people were relocated to the homeland.

In 1981, Ciskei became the fourth homeland to be granted "independence" and subsequently its residents' South African citizenship was revoked. Ciskei, like all of the homelands, was not recognized as an independent nation by the international community. Even after the legal foundation of apartheidapartheid
[Afrik.,=apartness], system of racial segregation peculiar to the Republic of South Africa, the legal basis of which was largely repealed in 1991–92. History
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 was largely struck down in 1991–92, the Ciskei government remained closely aligned with the South African government. In Sept., 1992, Ciskei police fired on a crowd of African National Congress demonstrators, killing 28 and wounding several hundred. South Africa took control of Ciskei in early 1994 after a coup by local police, and later that year, Ciskei and the other homelands were reincorporated into South Africa after the nation's first all-race elections.

Ciskei

(formerly) a Bantustan in SE South Africa; granted independence in 1981 but this was not recognized outside South Africa; abolished in 1993. Capital: Bisho
References in periodicals archive ?
1993) Power & Resistance in an African Society: the Ciskei Xhosa and the making of South Africa.
Simplified techniques for assessing veld condition for livestock production in the Ciskei Region.
If our pride will only get us into trouble with the authorities or get us deported to the dry and barren Ciskei, does it benefit anything.
Similarly, when South Africa created the Bantustan States of Transkei, Bophuthatswana, Venda and Ciskei between 1976 and 1981 as part of its Apartheid policy, they were not considered as States by the rest of the international community.
Umteteli Wa Bantu was circulated largely on the "Reef[in the Johannesburg area] and in the home areas of South Africa's mine workers [such as] the Orange Free State, Ciskei and Transkei" (Switzer 1988: 369).
Bitter fighting, with hundreds killed, broke out in the Ciskei.
La Asamblea reacciono de la misma forma contra las declaraciones de independencia de otros tres bantustanes: Bophutatswana (1977), Venda (1979) y Ciskei (1981).
Health workers have also been victims in South Africa and abroad; they 'were a special target of the Ciskei police .
The KAT centre was established in an old house in Hamburg, a coastal village between East London and Port Alfred in the region of the Eastern Cape previously known as Ciskei.
Xhosas were confined to areas in the Transkei and Ciskei.