Also found in: Dictionary, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
Related to Cist: ovarian cyst, sebaceous cyst
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(stone chest), a rectangular burial structure consisting of upright stone slabs supporting several roofing slabs. Cists were widely used during the Bronze Age and were associated with different archaeological cultures. They were used for individual and group burials. Barrows were sometimes constructed over the cists. In the USSR, the burial tradition in cists is evident in almost all regions of the Caucasus (until the 19th century in the northern Caucasus) and also in the Crimea, where it was most characteristic of the Tauri. The cists of the Tauri (second half of the first millennium b.c.) contain flexed collective burials; bronze ornaments and beads were found in the burials.


Krupnov, E. I. Drevniaia istoriia Severnogo Kavkaza. Moscow, 1960.
Leskov, A. M. “Rannetavrskie mogil’niki gornogo Kryma.” In the collection Skifo-sarmatskoe vremia. Leningrad, 1961. Pages 104–13.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

cistvaen, kistvaen

A Celtic sepulchral chamber of flat stones set together like a box, and covered by a tumulus.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Vello Lougas has suggested that the orientation of the central cist in the stone-cist graves, where the deceased were buried with their heads towards North--facing the sun--was connected with the worshipping of the sun (Lougas 1996, 102 ff.).
One of the stone cists has been re-assembled at the entrance to Northumberland Wildlife Trust's Hauxley nature reserve.
"So, to find that (necklace) in conjunction with a cist, it shows it was a burial of somebody particularly important at that time," the archaeologist added.
There is documentary evidence that a medieval chapel associated with the cist cemetery once stood near the site, but it is thought to have been washed away by the 19th century.
The cairn consists of five cists ( chambers made up of stone slabs into which were placed burials or cremations, and sometimes grave goods.
A stone lined cist, or burial chamber, has been uncovered by the diggers.
The stone-lined "cist" graves are thought to be an early Christian cemetery, which typically contain no artefacts and can date from the fifth to 13th centuries.
The mound was dug into in 1773 by the local land-owner Thomas Lloyd and is reported to have contained a stone cist with a skeleton.
WRTH i fyfyrwyr baratoi amGoleg, mae llond cist car o gyngor ar gael.
She lay in a stone cist wearing a black lignite necklace and carrying a flint dagger.
Mr Curtis said: "The Troup Beaker is complete as it was found in the stone cist setting with the decaying body of a man and it stayed there protected by the stone slabs for four thousand years.