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(stone chest), a rectangular burial structure consisting of upright stone slabs supporting several roofing slabs. Cists were widely used during the Bronze Age and were associated with different archaeological cultures. They were used for individual and group burials. Barrows were sometimes constructed over the cists. In the USSR, the burial tradition in cists is evident in almost all regions of the Caucasus (until the 19th century in the northern Caucasus) and also in the Crimea, where it was most characteristic of the Tauri. The cists of the Tauri (second half of the first millennium b.c.) contain flexed collective burials; bronze ornaments and beads were found in the burials.


Krupnov, E. I. Drevniaia istoriia Severnogo Kavkaza. Moscow, 1960.
Leskov, A. M. “Rannetavrskie mogil’niki gornogo Kryma.” In the collection Skifo-sarmatskoe vremia. Leningrad, 1961. Pages 104–13.

cistvaen, kistvaen

A Celtic sepulchral chamber of flat stones set together like a box, and covered by a tumulus.
References in periodicals archive ?
The cists were roughly north-south in orientation, but varied in terms of construction: some were of stacked and some of vertical limestone slabs and some perhaps of granite stones.
LA Some supp view 1960 mind are whit cists in t intoleran ence tha think wom similarly lowly people who aren I know.
It was local volunteer archaeologist Jim Nesbitt who alerted Clive in 2009 to the fact that erosion of the cliffs had revealed ancient features, including a cist, or stone burial chamber, leading to the rescue dig last year before the site was lost to the sea.
Of these, 166 were of the cairn circle type, 141 were dolmens, 157 were dolmens within a stone circle, 38 were cists and 57 were of cist-with-circle type.
Chance finds from the area which have been revealed by erosion include cists with skeletal remains cremations and pottery beakers which probably contained food or drink.
The cist was first discovered more than ten years ago when what appeared to be its end stone fell out of the peat mound, which had been concealing it, and since that time, the peat has slowly eroded away from the sides and the top.
Last but not least, the so-called revision excavation of grave 5, conducted by Gurly Vedru in 1996-97 as part of the extensive settlement archaeological research of the area, uncovered several cists that the partial excavation in 1925 had failed to spot (Vedru 1997; 1998a, 42 ff.
Chance finds from the area which have been revealed by erosion include cists, with skeletal remains, cremations and pottery beakers which probably contained food or drink.
In the period 2199-1977 cal BC a cist burial was inserted into the interior of the henge monument (Figures 6 & 7) (Table 2).
His explorations in parts of Palakkad, Wayanad and Idukki have yielded a large number of port-holed cists, dolmens, menhirs, iron implements, etc.
This unholy alliance between the dictator and the fas- cists represents the end of France's Fifth Republic.
The disc-bead necklace - believed to be a young girl's choker - was found beside a child's skeleton in one of three Bronze Age stone cists at Barbush Quarry, Dunblane.