Zeno of Citium
, a Greek, founded the Stoic school of philosophy in Athens around 300 BCE.
Stoic philosophers, such as Zeno of Citium
and Sphaerus, used the Aristotelian concept of phantasia in their epistemological discourses.
Zeno of Elia, not to be confused with Zeno of Citium
, the Stoic, but rather the purported inventor of the dialectic, the reductio ad absurdum or proof by contradiction, who in Aristotle's Physics , according to Simplicius, argued, "If there are many, they must be as many as they are.
Cette presentation reflechit d'abord, en paraphrase, la definition commune de l'art depuis Zenon de Citium
, passee a la tradition stoicienne, selon laquelle un des traits qui constituent un art est precisement l'utilite : [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] << un systeme de conceptions acquises par l'exercice visant une fin utile dans la vie >> (2).
Indeed, as Goodway shows, Ward asked Berlin to write a piece for Anarchy on Zeno of Citium
(he gracefully declined but expressed his admiration for Anarchy).
If Diogenes of Sinope was the inventor of cosmopolitanism as a concept, Zeno of Citium
, the founder of Stoicism, was its first theorist.
Stoicism, influenced by teachings of the Cynics and originated with the philosopher Zeno of Citium
, emphasized the idea that humanity was a part of nature and that goodness could be found by cooperating with nature or "the Law of the World.
founded by the fourth century BCE by the Greek thinker Zeno of Citium
and systematized by his successors Cleanthes and Chrysippus in the third
Regarded by many as the loftiest and most sublime of philosophies, it flourished for about 500 years from the time of Zeno of Citium
In Cyprus, visiting the ancient Greek ruins at Citium
, which was devastated by an earthquake in 365AD, we were told, that the American civil war hero, General Cesnola, who was named American consul by President Abraham Lincoln, discovered and removed fabulous gold treasuries to the Metropolitan Museum in New York, or so the guidebook stated.
But it was the stoics in particular, following in the lead of Zeno of Citium
, who claimed that with his power of reasoning man is able to understand the supreme good, which is to be found in the effort to attain virtue, all else (including pleasure and pain) being irrelevant.
Zeno of Citium
, the founder of Stoicism, was a disciple of Crates, which explains the amusing image of him covering up them is deeds of his master with his cloak.