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town (1991 pop. 25,408) and district, Staffordshire, W central England. Lichfield is a market town with light industries, famous for its three-spired cathedral and its close associations with Dr. Samuel JohnsonJohnson, Samuel,
1709–84, English author, b. Lichfield. The leading literary scholar and critic of his time, Johnson helped to shape and define the Augustan Age. He was equally celebrated for his brilliant and witty conversation.
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, who was born there in 1709. The cathedral, dating from the 13th and 14th cent., replaced the original church built by St. Chad, who founded it in the 7th cent. It suffered considerable damage at the hands of the parliamentary forces during the English civil warEnglish civil war,
1642–48, the conflict between King Charles I of England and a large body of his subjects, generally called the "parliamentarians," that culminated in the defeat and execution of the king and the establishment of a republican commonwealth.
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 and was not completely restored until the 19th cent. Johnson's house was turned into a museum that contains relics of his life and works, and a statue of him rests in the market square. Lichfield has a very old grammar school (founded 1497). In the 18th cent., a literary circle that included Erasmus Darwin, Thomas Day, and Anna Seward was known as the Lichfield group.


a city in central England, in SE Staffordshire: cathedral with three spires (13th-14th century); birthplace of Samuel Johnson, during whose lifetime the Lichfield Group (a literary circle) flourished. Pop.: 28 435 (2001)
References in periodicals archive ?
Inhabitants and businesses in the city of Lichfield can now enjoy the advantages of superfast broadband, thanks to the installation of 2,500 metres of fibre optic cable.
"This necessitates an additional new railway line joining the end of Phase 1 'temporarily' to the West Coast Mainline with a major junction north of the city of Lichfield.
The 18-year-old judo ace, who is now studying aerospace technology at Coventry University, has brushed aside the controversy, which made headlines in his home city of Lichfield, to concentrate fully on his latest test.
He said: "The Lichfield festival itself attracts over 50,000 people to the city of Lichfield and brings at least 10,000 people into the cathedral itself, so what action is her department taking to encourage other cathedrals to do similar initiatives?" Dame Caroline Spelman, the Second Church Estates Commissioner, said the festival was an "outstanding example" - and churches would "seize the initiative" next year.
The ex-Royal Marine was arrested on suspicion of indecent exposure on Friday at a canal towpath in the village of Huddlesford, near the cathedral city of Lichfield.
"The timbre of the trumpet is a familiar sound in times of remembrance, especially when thinking of the Last Post, so it felt like the perfect instrument to play fanfares around the city of Lichfield, remembering those who died at the Battle of the Somme.
THIRTY brightly painted model pigs are to be scattered around the city of Lichfield as part of a major public arts project to celebrate a festival's milestone birthday.
THE leafy cathedral city of Lichfield is the most sought after place to live in the Midlands.
The City of Lichfield Concert Band will perform a free outdoor concert on May 19, from 2pm to 4pm, in Beacon Park's Museum Gardens.
AT THE heart of the wonderful city of Lichfield is one of the most historic parks in the West Midlands.
THE sleepy and picturesque market city of Lichfield is not that well known for its Latin fever.

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