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in ancient Greece, Italy, and Medieval Europe, an independent political unit consisting of a city and surrounding countryside. The first city-states were in Sumer, but they reached their peak in Greece. From the beginning of Greek history to its climax in the 5th and 4th cent. B.C., the Greeks were organized into city-states, of which there were several hundred. The first Italian city-states were Greek colonies. Later Etruscan and native city-states emerged, including Rome. After the fall of the Roman Empire, many Italian cities (e.g., Florence, Genoa, Venice) were city-states until the 19th cent., as were such N German cities as Bremen and Hamburg. The Greek word polis meant both city and city-state. Since the city-state was independent, different states—and the same state at different times—had a variety of governments, ranging from absolute monarchy to pure democracy. Only citizenscitizen,
member of a state, native or naturalized, who owes allegiance to the government of the state and is entitled to certain rights. Citizens may be said to enjoy the most privileged form of nationality; they are at the furthest extreme from nonnational residents of a state
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 participated in the government of the city-state, and citizenship was limited to those born of citizen parents. In the classical era, a large proportion of the city-state's population consisted of slaves. Participation by citizens in government was often limited by class distinctions. The government usually consisted of an assembly and council; the former predominated in democracies, the latter in oligarchies. Although the various city-states combined into religious or military federations, most did not endure for long in Greece, leaving it open to foreign attack by large centralized states to which it eventually submitted.


See G. Glotz, The Greek City and Its Institutions (ed. by N. Mallinson, 1930, repr. 1969); V. Ehrenberg, The Greek State (2d rev. ed. 1969, repr. 1972).

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a state consisting of a sovereign city and its dependencies. Among the most famous are the great independent cities of the ancient world, such as Athens, Sparta, Carthage, and Rome
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
As guest of honor, no less than Lito Atienza, then-Manila mayor, had praised the opening of Citystate Tower Hotel as a private-sector initiative that boosted the city government's efforts to rehabilitate Ermita and Malate districts as the city's tourist and recreation belt.
This bloc is composed of the remaining unissued shares out of Citystate's authorized capital stock.
Cabangon, continues his father's commitment to promote and preserve Citystate Tower as a favored destination of foreign and local pleasure and business travelers.
This agreement reinforces our commitment to contract clean renewable energy for our consumption as it is a practical business solution that can help lower operating costs,' Citystate President Rodolfo Zapanta said.
The citystate instead decided to book about 10,000 athletes and officials in hotels near the competition sites, thus posing a challenge to the delegations' monitoring of athletes.
marked its 27th founding anniversary on May 18 at the Citystate Center Building on Shaw Boulevard in Pasig City.
The young Singaporebased Brown, whose Filipino mother Tessa Dimaano, settled in the citystate in 2011 with her British banker husband, sealed the crown even before the fifth and final round of the karting season.
Eternal Gardens will honor its most outstanding sales personnel on Wednesday, April 25, in a grand celebration to be held at the Citystate Tower Hotel in Ermita, Manila.
The Filipinos clinched their berth after dumping host Singapore, 52, in the semifinal round of the 2014 Asian Men's Softball Championship at Kallang Softball Diamond in the citystate.
Citystate Properties is a boutique developer focusing on healthy mountainside living.
In a resolution issued on April 28, Pasig City Assistant Prosecutor Michael Robles reversed and set aside an earlier resolution that dismissed the libel complaint of CityState Savings Bank Inc.