Ciudad Guayana


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Ciudad Guayana

(syo͞othäth` gēăn`ə, –än`–), formerly

Santo Tomé de Guayana,

city (1990 pop. 453,047), Bolívar state, Venezuela, at the confluence of the Caroní and Orinoco rivers in the Guiana Highlands. Founded in 1961 and administered by the state economic planning commission, Ciudad Guayana united several smaller cities into one massive residential, industrial, and commercial area with a radius of over 100 mi (160 km). The area includes several hydroelectric stations, aluminum plants, iron- and steelworks, and gold and diamond mines. Forestry products, bricks, and other manufactured goods are also produced. Ciudad Guayana is a port complex, and it is linked to the Guiana region and the rest of the country by a road network; the Orinoco is crossed by a cable-stayed bridge that was completed in 2006. The city has an airport.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ciudad Guayana

 

(formerly Santo Tomé de Guayana), a city in eastern Venezuela, in Bolívar State. Port on the right bank of the Orinoco River, at the Orinoco’s confluence with the Caroní River. Created in 1961 by merging the settlements of Puerto Ordaz, San Felix, Matanzas, Caruachi, and Castillito. Population, 127,700 (1969).

A railroad branch line links Ciudad Guayana with Cerro Bolívar, where there are iron-ore deposits. The city is the center of Venezuelan Guiana, a large, developing region. The first stage of a metallurgical complex has been completed. There are also enterprises of the pulp-and-paper, nonferrous metal, and chemical industries. In the surrounding region, iron and manganese ores are mined and crude oil is extracted.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Ciudad Guayana

an industrial conurbation in E Venezuela, on the River Orinoco: iron and steel processing, gold mining. Pop.: 807 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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References in periodicals archive ?
En este estudio se considera como poblacion a las pymes industriales de Ciudad Guayana inscritas en las Camaras Industriales de la region, ~200 empresas.
(1.) Universidad Nacional Experimental de Guayana, Apartado postal 8050, Ciudad Guayana, Estado Bolivar 8015, Venezuela; lhernand@uneg.edu.ve, eliosanoja@gmail.com, hcastell@uneg.edu.ve
Officials said the plane crashed on land belonging to Sidor, which has a large mill near Ciudad Guayana, but without causing any injuries or damage to installations.
Similar protests were held in Merida, Valencia, Ciudad Guayana and Maracaibo.
(1) Fundacion La Salle de Ciencias Naturales, Estacion de Investigacion Hidrobiologica de Guayana, Ciudad Guayana, Venezuela.
Black-outs have badly affected industries, such as the vital manufacturing cities like Valencia and Ciudad Guayana. Now, water rationing has been introduced in Caracas, the capital.
President Hugo Chavez has been facing a public outcry in recent days over power failures which, after six nationwide black-outs in the last two years, are cutting power supply for hours each day in rural areas and in vital industrial cities like Valencia and Ciudad Guayana. Now, water rationing has been introduced in Caracas, the capital.
La mayor tasa de crecimiento (4,70%) ocurrio en el rango de las ciudades grandes, comprendidas entre 500.000 y 999.999 habitantes (incluye apenas dos ciudades: Valencia y Maracaibo), seguido del estrato de ciudades de tamano medio-alto, entre 200.000 y 499.999 habitantes (3,71%), que, igualmente, corresponde a dos urbes: Ciudad Guayana y Maracay.