Civil Aviation

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Civil Aviation


a sector of the national economy serving the needs of the national economy and the public for air transport. Civil aviation is also used for aerial spraying of crops to provide protection against pests, for aerial photographic surveying, for prospecting for valuable minerals, and for other tasks in which it replaces ground equipment. Civil aviation possesses a fleet of aircraft and helicopters; a network of air lines, airports, and airfields with their technical facilities: radio and weather stations; plants and repair facilities; scientific research institutions; and schools.

In the USSR, civil aviation (Aeroflot) began developing in 1923 (with the creation of the All-Russian Society of the Volunteer Air Force, known as Dobrolet). Civil aviation has been unified under the Ministry of Civil Aviation of the USSR (created in 1964). It carries out major transport services and serves agriculture in protecting farm crops against pests, weeds, and crop diseases, as well as in topdressing plants with mineral fertilizers. Civil aviation also helps in studying forested areas and protecting them against fires and pests. Civil aviation has also participated in developing the regions of the Far North. It is involved in surveying ice in the basin of the Arctic Ocean and serves fisheries and the hunting industry. It provides help in carrying out various kinds of scientific exploratory and research work and carries out aerial photographic surveying. Civil aviation helps in laying oil and gas pipelines and in building various industrial projects. The air medical service has also assumed great importance.


Grazhdanskaia aviatsiia SSSR, 1917–1967. Moscow, 1968.


References in periodicals archive ?
Khonji added that he aspires for establishing a regional coordination office for civil aviation security to serve the Middle East and North African (MENA) region similar to the regional coordination office for the Pacific which serves 24 countries.
In the meeting, Zirfi said, "Investment in civil aviation is a new line the province entering into, we need to see flights coming in from all around the world.
Director General of Aviation Security at Saudi General Authority of Civil Aviation Abdul Hamid Aba Alary said the meeting will focus on reconsidering standards and laws related to aviation security and air cargo safety.
The Commission is concerned that Cyprus has not yet adopted an up-to-date national civil aviation security programme that adequately defines the measures required by airports, airlines and other entities involved in aviation security.
ANKARA, Aug 16, 2010 (TUR) -- Turkey's national flag carrier, the Turkish Airlines (THY), has signed a protocol with the Vocational Qualifications Authority to set vocational standards for civil aviation.
Capt Al Hamili also noted that in this collaborative spirit in civil aviation, the UAE has also worked very closely with a number of EU member States at several of Icao's high-level meetings, including the latest high-level environmental meeting and the High-Level Safety Conference.
All levels of authority have learned, however, that WMD incidents involving civil aviation demand unique procedures.
Summary: The United Arab Emirates represented by the General Civil Aviation Authority (GCAA) has signed an Air Services Memorandum of Understanding with the Tunisian Civil Aviation Authority to increase flights between the two countries.
In his inaugural address, Sheikh Saud said, "The tremendous progress achieved by the UAE and the region in the civil aviation sector calls for sustained and collective focus on effective implementation of aviation safety initiatives.
For his part, Director General of the Sudan Civil Aviation Mohamed Abdul Aziz Ahmed called upon the air carriers to improve their performance for better service of passengers and air transport between the two countries.
Doha, Oct 5 (Petra) -- A training course on civil aviation strategic planning kicked off on Monday in Doha with the participation of aviation companies from Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Iraq, Egypt, UAE, Yemen and Qatar.
A meeting of the Parliamentary Consultative Committee of the Ministry of Civil Aviation was held in New Delhi last evening under the Chairmanship of Civil Aviation Minister Shri P.

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