Civilian Population


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Civilian Population

 

in the branch of international law dealing with the laws and customs of war, persons who do not participate directly in military actions or in a resistance movement. In a naval war, the crews and passengers of commercial and passenger vessels of belligerent as well as neutral states are classified as civilian population.

The general principles of the legal status of the civilian population are set forth in the Fourth Hague Convention of 1907 on the laws and customs of war on land and in the Geneva Convention of 1949 on the protection of the civilian population in wartime. The civilian population is granted immunity from military actions and has the right to be respected as to person, honor, family rights, and religious beliefs. The treatment of the civilian population must be humane and without any discrimination whatsoever. The convention also prohibits the taking of hostages, collective punishment, intimidation, and conviction and the application of punishment without a prior court decision passed under the observance of judicial guarantees. Obligations imposed on the civilian population must not be of a nature to enlist participation in the war on the side of the enemy.

Cities and settled places with a civilian population must not be targets of air or artillery bombardment.

International law establishes responsibility for violations of the rules governing the treatment of the civilian population. In the two world wars the propositions concerning the protection of the civilian population in wartime were repeatedly violated by the imperialist states, especially by fascist Germany.

References in periodicals archive ?
b) the damage to the civilian population is, or may be expected to be, excessive in relation to the concrete and direct military advantage anticipated from the blockade.
He stated: "Israel, the occupying Power, has been relentless in its oppression and torment of the Palestinian civilian population in the rest of the Occupied Palestinian Territories, including East Jerusalem.
She went on to say that key benchmarks for ending the mission will be whether or not there are threats to the civilian population, as well as the capability of the National Transitional Council to protect civilians.
The Royal Navy vessel is on station off the coast of Libya, protecting the civilian population from the threat of attack posed by Gaddafi's forces.
As a member of the United Nations having an abiding faith in the principles of the UN Charter and international law, Nepal calls upon all concerned to take all precautions to ensure the safety and security of the civilian population and civilian areas," said the statement issued by Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
In the resolution, which will be voted on on 15 January, MEPs express their consternation faced with the suffering of the civilian population of Gaza and deplore that civilians and UN targets have been hit during the attacks.
Yet the civilian population walked the streets without fear during blackout conditions, people felt safe in their own homes, robbery with violence was virtually unknown.
Also, service personnel are not immune from the normal everyday illnesses and afflictions which affect the civilian population.
Among the civilian population, the average daily number of work hours was 7.
Housing 34 percent of the Air Force's civilian population, the general stressed to the panel AFMC's commitment to the NSPS transition.
The worst of it is that many bomblets remain unexploded until the civilian population returns to the area only to be confronted by innumerable small explosions, maiming or killing individuals, often children.
How can the remarks of a drunken celebrity, whether or not they reflect his true sentiments, even remotely be connected to the reaction of a country that for decades has had to withstand attacks on its civilian population, often unanswered?

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