Jizya

(redirected from Cizye)
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Jizya

 

a poll tax paid by the non-Muslim population in the Arabian Caliphate and then in other Muslim states. The jizyawas levied on men who had reached their majority; women, children, old men, slaves, poor people, and monks were exempted. Payment was made mainly in money but also in kind. In the Ottoman Empire thejizya existed until the end of the 18th century, when it was merged with the haraj.

REFERENCE

“Djizya.” In Encyclopédic de I Islam, 2nd ed., vol. 2. Leiden-Pairs, 1965. Pages 573-81.
References in periodicals archive ?
Talking about the higher ratio of personal taxes such as virgu and cizye in the 1849-50 budget, it is possible to see that the percentage ratio of these taxes was decreased in 186162 budget.
In other words, some specific taxes as Cizye, imposed only on the non-Muslims, acted as a kind of "economic argument" or "indirect duress" encouraging conversion to Islam.
It was mainly Janissaries that collected the Cizye tax, payable by the Christian subjects of the Muslim state.
Vezir-i a'zam Koprili-zade Fazil Ahmed Pasaya bir kaside-i garra nazm idup pesen-dide-i asafiolmagla mukabelesinde ol 'asra mahsus olan cizye kitabetini .