Cladophora


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Cladophora

 

a genus of widely distributed macroscopic green algae of the class Siphonocladales. They resemble minute attached shrubs with branching filaments consisting of a single row of multinucleate cells with a layered membrane and a netted chloroplast. Reproduction may be asexual (by zoospores) or sexual (isogamy). Meiosis occurs during the formation of spores or gametes. There are about 200 species, found in both salt and fresh waters.

References in periodicals archive ?
Chang, The biosorption of heavy metals from aqueous solution by Spirogyra and cladophora filamentous macroalgae, Bioresource Technol., 102, 5297 (2011).
Species of Cladophora, Enteromorpha, Chaetomorpha, and Gracilaria are used to supplement or substitute for fish food for cultured herbivorous fish.
The genus Cladophora (Ulvophyceae, Clorophyta) is one of the most important of the attached benthic algae as they tend to alter the conditions of the microhabitats they live into by modifying current, blocking sunlight, absorbing dissolved oxygen, collecting detritus and providing refuge for invertebrates (Dodds, 1991; Fernandez & Reid, 2012).
En general, se identificaron microorganismos bioindicadores de la calidad de agua, como algas verdes: Cladophora sericea, Brasiliensis scenedesmus, Scenedesmus acuminatus, Scenedesmus acuatus, Scenedesmus ellipsoideus, Scenedesmus ecornis, Cosmarium sp, Nitzschia palea, Nitzschia linearis, Synedra ulna, Navicula sp, Navicula cryptocephala, Nitzschia rostellata; protozoarios como: Acinetas, Suctoria, Euplotes patella, Coleps sp, Paramecium caudatum, Vorticella convalaria, Zoothamnium sp; gran poblacion de rotiferos como: Euchlanis dilatata, Philodina roseola, pero poca presencia de Anabaena sp.
Large filamentous green algae Cladophora (dominant), Spirogyra, Mougeotia, Ulothrix, Chaetophora, Zygnema, etc.
In some bays, excess nitrogen has also led to increases in biomasses of the seaweeds Cladophora spp., Gracilaria spp.
For example, [q.sub.m] of 2.38 mg/g was reported for selenate removal using [Fe.sub.3][O.sub.4] [78], 26.3 mg/g using FeOOH [77, 79], 29.0 mg/g using Fe-Mn hydrous oxide [24], and 74.9 mg/g Se(IV) using green alga Cladophora hutchinsia [80].
Camacho, "Characteristics of unique HBr-hydrolyzed cellulose nanocrystals from freshwater green algae (Cladophora rupestris) and its reinforcement in starch-based film," Carbohydrate Polymers, vol.
Naderi, "Study of micro/macro ordered porous carbon with olive-shaped structure derived from Cladophora glomerata, macroalgae as efficient working electrodes of supercapacitors," Biomass and Bioenergy, vol.
DNA Isolation and RAPD Analysis of Cladophora, Spirogyra, Bryopsis, with focus on Derbesia.