The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(stage name of Claire Josèphe Hippolyte Léris de la Tude). Born Jan. 21, 1723, in Condé; died Jan. 29 (31?), 1803, in Paris. French actress.

In 1736, Clairon made her stage debut at the Comédie Italienne in Paris. From 1737 to 1743 she performed in Rouen, Lille, and other cities. In 1743 she joined the Comédie Française and was there until 1766. Her performances in the tragedies of Voltaire—as Electra (Oreste), Idame (The Chinese Orphan), and Amenaïde (Tancrède)—brought her fame.

Following the theatrical theories of Diderot and working under the guidance of Voltaire, Clairon became one of the outstanding actresses of Enlightenment classicism. She opposed the affected manners of the aristocratic theater and presented psychologically individual portrayals. She reformed tragic declamation by refusing to make intonation conform to an arbitrary melodic pattern, and she introduced historical and ethnographic elements into stage costumes. Diderot rated Clairon’s work highly and analyzed her art in “A Paradox About the Actor.”


Memories d’Hippolyte Clairon et réflexions sur l’art dramatique. Paris [1798] 1799.


Istoriia zapadnoevropeiskogo teatra, vol. 2. Editor in chief, S. S. Mokul’-skii. Moscow, 1957.
Goncourt, E., Mademoiselle Clairon. Paris, 1890.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Bass David Govertsen was funny as the eccentric stage director, La Roche, while mezzo Susan Graham was a suitably flamboyant Clairon, with all the requisite diva mannerisms.
Likewise, he specifies his role as interpreter of the fervent vocation of the French and Italian peoples: "Je suis une offrande d'amour, / je suis un cri vers l'aurore, / je suis un clairon de rescousse / aux levres de la race elue" (strophe 1).
Suite a cet assaut, le polisario a sonne le clairon pour mobiliser d'urgence tout ce qu'il compte comme forces de securite et milices, afin de circonscrire cette manifestation d'une rare violence, et qui a constitue un serieux coup de semonce pour les maEtres des camps de Tindouf.
Reveilles au son du clairon, des groupes de fideles "chavistes" se sont rassembles dans une ambiance festive, surs de la victoire.
Thefinaljumpsraceunder the spotlight is a 2m4f maiden hurdle from Bangor (No.7)inwhichthefirsttwo, Quinsman and Clairon Call, havegoneonandwon.