Clapham Sect


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Clapham Sect,

group of English social reformers, active c.1790–1830, so named because their activities centered on the home in Clapham, London, of Henry Thornton and William Wilberforce. Most of the members were evangelical Anglicans and members of Parliament. They included Zachary Macaulay, Thomas Babington, John Venn, James Stephen, and Hannah More. Known as the "Saints," they worked for the abolition of the slave trade and slavery, improvement of prison conditions, and other humane legislation. They published a journal, the Christian Observer, and helped to found several missionary and tract societies, including the British and Foreign Bible Society and the Church Missionary Society.

Bibliography

See E. M. Howse, Saints in Politics (1952, repr. 1971).

References in periodicals archive ?
This association with the Africans left a deep impression on the children of the Clapham Sect.
James Stephen immediately became a part of the Clapham Sect.
Guided by his unquestioning fealty to the Evangelical humanitarianism of his father and the Clapham Sect, he regarded service in the Colonial Office as a providential calling to continue the struggle against slavery.
Shaftesbury was a member of the influential Clapham Sect, a London-based fellowship of influential Evangelical Christian Members of Parliament and clergy, who were committed to social reform and a faithful Biblical expression of Christianity.
Where I reside in south-east London, I am only three miles from Clapham Common which, 200 years ago, nurtured the Clapham Sect.
The tale of how the Clapham Sect evolved, and its work to abolish the slave trade and slavery itself, is an intricate narrative, drawing together familiar names from the history of the British Empire.
An Amazing Grace: John Thornton and the Clapham Sect.
Milton Klein's slim volume, An Amazing Grace: John Thornton and the Clapham Sect, is the first modern biographical work devoted to John Thornton.