Clapham Sect


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Clapham Sect,

group of English social reformers, active c.1790–1830, so named because their activities centered on the home in Clapham, London, of Henry Thornton and William Wilberforce. Most of the members were evangelical Anglicans and members of Parliament. They included Zachary Macaulay, Thomas Babington, John Venn, James Stephen, and Hannah More. Known as the "Saints," they worked for the abolition of the slave trade and slavery, improvement of prison conditions, and other humane legislation. They published a journal, the Christian Observer, and helped to found several missionary and tract societies, including the British and Foreign Bible Society and the Church Missionary Society.

Bibliography

See E. M. Howse, Saints in Politics (1952, repr. 1971).

References in periodicals archive ?
This association with the Africans left a deep impression on the children of the Clapham Sect.
Guided by his unquestioning fealty to the Evangelical humanitarianism of his father and the Clapham Sect, he regarded service in the Colonial Office as a providential calling to continue the struggle against slavery.
Himmelfarb for modernists--from Clapham Sect to Bloomsbury--was similar to that trodden by many workers as well.
Shaftesbury was a member of the influential Clapham Sect, a London-based fellowship of influential Evangelical Christian Members of Parliament and clergy, who were committed to social reform and a faithful Biblical expression of Christianity.
In reading Christopher Tolley's fascinating analysis of the interlinked families of the Wilberforces, the Thorntons, the Stephens, and the Macaulays, and the ways in which successive generations treasured their family archives, while distancing themselves from the evangelical ethos of their common inheritance from members of the Clapham Sect, I came to understand more clearly what was passing through Dr Octavia's mind.
All the Clapham Sect families were brought up to respect personal integrity and the principle that nothing should be believed that could not first be thoroughly understood and assimilated.
Where I reside in south-east London, I am only three miles from Clapham Common which, 200 years ago, nurtured the Clapham Sect. They were a group of young men and women bent on changing hearts and minds in the British Empire.
Taking their name from that of the London suburb where they lived, the Clapham Sect was a group of wealthy Church of England businessmen and their families.
Without denying their influence on later thinkers or advocates and by acknowledging their eighteenth-century origins, Tomkins humanizes the Clapham Sect, especially Wilberforce, in ways that even surpass the efforts of the magisterial Bury the Chains [2005] by Adam Hochschild.
This biography centres on his long struggle to end the trade but also looks behind this to his Evangelical principles and the work of the 'Clapham Sect'.
An Amazing Grace: John Thornton and the Clapham Sect. By Milton M.
In the context of British history, Milton Klein believes that Thornton is worthy of a biography because of his role in the evangelical "Clapham sect," his philanthropic activities, and his status as the second wealthiest man in Europe.