Clarence Thomas


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Thomas, Clarence,

1948–, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1991–), b. Pin Point (Savannah), Ga. Raised in a poor family, he graduated (1974) from the Yale Law School and became a prominent black conservative active in Republican causes. He chaired the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (1982–90) during the Reagan and Bush administrations, and attempted there to modify the application of federal affirmative actionaffirmative action,
in the United States, programs to overcome the effects of past societal discrimination by allocating jobs and resources to members of specific groups, such as minorities and women.
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 guidelines. In 1990 he was appointed a judge on the Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. In July, 1991, President George H. W. Bush nominated Thomas to the Supreme Court, to replace Thurgood MarshallMarshall, Thurgood,
1908–93, U.S. lawyer and associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1967–91), b. Baltimore. He received his law degree from Howard Univ. in 1933. In 1936 he joined the legal staff of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
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. In Oct., 1991, when approval was all but assured, the Senate Judiciary Committee reopened confirmation hearings to examine charges by Anita Hill, a Univ. of Oklahoma law professor, that Thomas had subjected her to sexual harassmentsexual harassment,
in law, verbal or physical behavior of a sexual nature, aimed at a particular person or group of people, especially in the workplace or in academic or other institutional settings, that is actionable, as in tort or under equal-opportunity statutes.
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 while she was an EEOC employee in the 1980s. Testimony and debate on the charges, followed by a nationwide television audience and revealing deep divisions among the public, did not in the end change the committee's recommendation for approval, and Thomas was confirmed by a full Senate vote of 52 to 48. Taking his seat, he aligned himself with Antonin ScaliaScalia, Antonin,
1936–2016, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1986–2016), b. Trenton, N.J. He graduated from Harvard Law School (1960) and subsequently taught law at the Univ. of Virginia (1967–71) and the Univ. of Chicago (1977–82).
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, forming the Court's most conservative grouping.

Bibliography

See his memoir (2007).

Thomas, Clarence

(1948–  ) Supreme Court justice; born in Pin Point, Ga. Shaped by his poor-but-proud family and his Catholic schooling, he went on to graduate from Holy Cross College and Yale Law School and to espouse conservative views on the situation of his fellow African-Americans. He worked as assistant secretary of education (1981) and then headed the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (1981–89). President Bush appointed him to the federal court of appeals (1990–91) and to the U.S. Supreme Court, where, only after a highly controversial Senate hearing and vote, did he become the second African-American to take a seat (1991).
References in periodicals archive ?
org files a formal bar complaint against Clarence Thomas requesting that he be disbarred on various grounds.
Clarence Thomas is the second to achieve the feat, having been appointed to the post by President H.
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When I was asked to review Supreme Discomfort: The Divided Soul of Clarence Thomas, my first thought was, "Who did I upset at AAJ headquarters to deserve this?
President Bush has cited him, along with Clarence Thomas, as the sort of strict constructionist he'd like to see on the bench.
If he means that, then the hackery of Antonin Scalia and Clarence Thomas may eventually grate on him.
All of the sitting justices except Clarence Thomas, 57, are over the age of 65.
If he chooses judges who interpret the law as justices Antonin Scalia and Clarence Thomas do, the fight for gay equality could be set back for decades.
Although Clarence Thomas is not ordinarily viewed as pre-eminent among the justices of the United States Supreme Court, he is their leader in at least one respect: His rule as King of the Freebies is absolutely secure.
Judging Thomas: Tim Life and Times of Clarence Thomas
In the case, Joshua Davey was denied a state scholarship available to all undergraduate majors except those majoring in "theology" While Davey's major in pastoral ministries was undoubtedly designed to prepare for a career in the church, the statute in question applies to theology without defining the term, a problem overlooked even by the dissenting opinion of Justices Antonin Scalia and Clarence Thomas.
Other pivotal events of 1991 were the Clarence Thomas Supreme Court confirmation hearings and the Tailhook convention of military aviators.

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