Clarendon Code

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Related to Clarendon Code: Conventicle Act 1664

Clarendon Code,

1661–65, group of English statutes passed after the Restoration of Charles II to strengthen the position of the Church of England. The Corporation Act (1661) required all officers of incorporated municipalities to take communion according to the rites of the Church of England and to abjure the Presbyterian covenant. The Act of Uniformity (1662) required all ministers in England and Wales to use and subscribe to the Book of Common Prayer; nearly 2,000 ministers resigned rather than submit to this act. The Conventicle Act (1664) forbade the assembling of five or more persons for religious worship other than Anglican. The Five-Mile Act (1665) forbade any nonconforming preacher or teacher to come within 5 mi (8.1 km) of a city or corporate town where he had served as minister. These laws, named after Edward Hyde, earl of ClarendonClarendon, Edward Hyde, 1st earl of
, 1609–74, English statesman and historian. Elected (1640) to the Short and Long parliaments, he was at first associated with the opposition to Charles I and helped prepare the
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, chief minister of Charles II at the time of their passage, decreased the following of numerous dissenting sects, especially the Presbyterians. Clarendon himself opposed their enactment, but after their passage he worked for their enforcement. Charles II, to court popularity with dissenters and to ease the position of Roman Catholics (with whom he was in sympathy), attempted to interfere with the operation of these laws by his unsuccessful declarations of indulgence in 1662 and 1672. As a political device to weaken the Whigs, the Clarendon Code was largely superseded by the Test ActTest Act,
1673, English statute that excluded from public office (both military and civil) all those who refused to take the oaths of allegiance and supremacy, who refused to receive the communion according to the rites of the Church of England, or who refused to renounce belief
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 of 1673, although some of the statutes, in modified form, remained in force for some time.
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References in periodicals archive ?
In "'[N]ew Laws thou see'st impos'd': Milton's Dissenting Angels and the Clarendon Code, 1661-65," Bryan Adams Hampton connects "the politics of nonconformity and dissent in the early 1660s, and the Church of England's programmatic legislation against it through the Clarendon Code" to Milton's depiction of the rebel angels (142).
Topics included are paraphernalia and purpose in Paradise Lost, 1668, 1669; the 1667 Paradise Lost in historical and literary contexts; the royal fashion of Satan and Charles II; Paradise Lost and pleasure gardens in Restoration London; Milton's dissenting angels and the Clarendon Code, 1661-1665; and Plato's Republic in Paradise Lost, 1667.
Sometimes the author's commitment to the Protectorate and his Erastian view of the Church of England leads him into colourful language that undermines the authority of his work: to say the Clarendon Code 'created a system of religious apartheid' is to allow language to outrun scholarly objectivity.