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musical wind instrument of cylindrical bore employing a single reed. The clarinet family comprises all single-reed instruments, including the saxophone. The predecessor of the modern clarinet was the simpler chalumeau, which J. C. Denner of Nuremberg improved (c.1700) into the clarinet. It was accepted into the orchestra during the 18th cent., and Mozart used it extensively. Major improvements of the key system during the 19th cent. employed the principles of Theobald Boehm. The clarinets in B flat and A are the standard orchestral instruments. The higher, shriller E flat clarinet is also a band instrument and is used occasionally in the orchestra. Of the larger clarinets, the B flat bass clarinet is the most important. The E flat alto and the E flat contrabass clarinets are mainly band instruments. Clarinets were once made in other keys, but all of these instruments are now obsolete. The basset-horn, a type of alto clarinet, was much used by Mozart and was revived by Richard Strauss. The clarinet is a transposing instrumenttransposing instrument,
a musical instrument whose part in a score is written at a different pitch than that actually sounded. Such an instrument is usually referred to by the keynote of its natural scale—the clarinet in A, for example—in which case A is sounded when
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See F. G. Rendall, The Clarinet (3d rev. ed. 1971).



a musical instrument of the woodwind family, developed from the reed pipe. The instrument is a tube with a small bell at one end and a beak-shaped mouthpiece at the other, to which a single reed (made from a thin strip of cane) is fixed. The length of the canal is 590–680 mm. The modern clarinet has approximately 20 keys and seven holes equipped with rings. It is made of granadilla or ebony wood or of plastic.

Clarinets are made in different pitches; the most common are the B-flat and A clarinets. It is a transposing instrument (the B-flat clarinet sounds a major second lower than written, while the A clarinet sounds a minor third lower). Its range (in notation) is from E to C’’’’. The clarinet family includes the piccolo clarinet; the alto, or tenor, clarinet (known as the basset horn); the bass clarinet; and the contrabass clarinet.


Blagodatov, G. Klarnet. Moscow, 1965.


a keyed woodwind instrument with a cylindrical bore and a single reed. It is a transposing instrument, most commonly pitched in A or B flat
References in periodicals archive ?
Morawetz has composed a number of sonatas for various instruments; the Clarinet Sonata (1980) was commissioned by the Canada Council and has been recorded by the principal clarinetist of the Toronto Symphony, Joaquin Valdepenas (Musica Viva MVCD 1016).
For the young clarinet players in the area, look no further for inspiration than the Chinook Clarinet Quartet.
Some people like the slow, mellow sound of the flutes and clarinets, and some like the brassy sound of the other two (ensembles),'' said Susan De La Torre, treasurer of the Hart High Music Boosters, who books the carolers' performances.
All known manufacturers of clarinets (Buffet, Selmer, LeBlanc, Yamaha, the Schmidt Reform-Boehm, the Oehler, Wurlitzer, and even the Luis Rossi) are evaluated.
He opens with chapters on both the early eighteenth-century clarinet and the later technical developments in the chalumeau register, chromaticism, wide leaps, and rapid virtuosic display which composers exploited in the second half of the century.
Environmental group, Size of Wales, hosted the event on St David's Day and supported the Mpingo African Blackwood Project which allowed Mr Hanson to produce the first ever FSC approved clarinet.
Washington, May 13 (ANI): A pilot study has suggested that germs survive for several days in wind instruments including the clarinet, flute, and saxophone.
Then we move on to the most serious piece on the disc, Louis Spohr's Clarinet Concerto No.
Other topics cover the clarinet in Eastern Europe and Greece, the Albanian kaba, jazz clarinet and klezmer technique, performing new music, the bass and contrabass clarinets, and the interpretation of Domaines by Pierre Boulez.
My dad was a clarinetist," he said, "and there were always clarinets around the house.
Early clarinets were loosely based on oboe and flute designs, one of the primary differences being the choice of wood.
The combination of four clarinets (three and one bass clarinet) create a special compact sound that can be exploited in interesting ways, as Steve Reich showed in the famous New York Counterpoint.