Clark, Mark Wayne

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Clark, Mark Wayne,

1896–1984, U.S. general, b. Madison Barracks, N.Y. A West Point graduate, he served as a captain in World War I and rose to become (1942) army ground forces chief of staff. During World War II, he commanded (1943–44) the U.S. 5th Army in N Africa and in Italy, became (1944) Allied commander in Italy, and was promoted (1945) to full general. He served (1945) as head of the U.S. occupation forces in Austria. From May, 1952, to Oct., 1953, he was supreme commander of UN forces in Korea and also commander of U.S. forces in East Asia. Retiring from the army, he served (1954–66) as president of The Citadel, at Charleston, S.C. Calculated Risk (1950) and From the Danube to the Yalu (1954) are his memoirs of World War II and of the postwar period.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Clark, Mark Wayne


Born May 1, 1896, at Madison Barracks, N.Y.; American general (1945).

Clark graduated from the Military Academy at West Point in 1917, fought in World War I, and served on the American general staff. Appointed commander of the American ground troops in Europe in July 1942, he was sent on a secret mission to establish contacts with the French command in North Africa on the eve of the Allied landing and succeeded in signing an agreement with the French admiral J. Darlan on Nov. 22, 1942. Clark then commanded the American Fifth Army in North Africa and Italy from January 1943 to December 1944, the Fifteenth Army Group in Italy from December 1944 until the end of the war, and the American troops in Austria from 1945 to 1947. In 1952–53 he commanded the UN troops in Korea during the American aggression. Clark was president of The Citadel, a military college in South Carolina, from 1954 to 1965.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.