Classical Period

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Classical Period

 

a period in the history of ancient Greek art, embracing the fifth century B.C. and the first three quarters of the fourth century B.C.

The social basis of art in the classical period was a slaveholding democracy that established itself in the majority of the Greek city-states, including Athens. Art of the classical period combined realistic artistic principles with civic aesthetic ideals and democratic tendencies. During the classical period the regular planning of cities was developed; among the founders of this science was the architect Hippodamus. The order system of architecture practiced by Ictinus and Callicrates achieved a high degree of harmony and tectonic balance. Perfect human forms combining spiritual and physical beauty were created by the sculptors Myron, Polyclitus, Phidias, Scopas, and Praxiteles, as well as by Lysippus, whose creative work was also linked with the next historical stage. It is customary to divide the classical period into three subperiods: early classical, with a “severe style,” in the first half of the fifth century B.C.; high classical, in the second half of the fifth century B.C.; and late classical, 400–325 B.C.

REFERENCES

Kolpinskii, Iu. Iskusstvo Gretsii epokhi rastsveta. [Moscow] 1937.
Voshchinina, A. I. Antichnoe iskusstvo. Moscow, 1962.
Polevoi, V. M. Iskusstvo Gretsii: Drevnii mir. Moscow, 1970.
References in periodicals archive ?
It explains theories and theorists of sociologyAEs classical age, including [ETH]mile Durkheim, Karl Marx, Max Weber, Georg Simmel, Thorstein Veblen, George Herbert Mead, and W.
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Synopsis: The most enduring and widely read spiritual work to emerge from Buddhism's classical age in India is surely Shantideva's "Bodhisattva Way of Life".
Two millennia after his death, there is still debate about whether he should be seen as a hero of civilisation who spread the wonders of the classical age across Europe or as a self-glorifying despot who wrecked the Roman republic.
If one is interested in the classical age of sociology or the intellectual history of the period, this work is well worth the effort.
people's poet of the classical age by the compiler demanded a more generous inclusion of Nazeer Akbarabadi's poetry but only two of his
Other shades are taken from the statues of the classical age of Ancient Greece and Rome, where greys predominate.
Spirits of the Cold War: Contesting Worldviews in the Classical Age of American Security Strategy.
Handa, Chairman, Pharmacopoeia Commission of Indian Medicines, while releasing "The Modern Ayurveda: Milestone Beyond the Classical Age," on 28 April, 2012, said: "The concept of Modern Ayurveda by the think-tank of the Society for New Age Herbals is actually that of Ayurveda of New Generation which will prove an inspiration for the exponents of Ayurveda to think beyond the 16th century of classical period and move with the times.
Decoworld's latest collection channels the decorative styles of the classical age and contemporary design.

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