Classical Period


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Classical Period

 

a period in the history of ancient Greek art, embracing the fifth century B.C. and the first three quarters of the fourth century B.C.

The social basis of art in the classical period was a slaveholding democracy that established itself in the majority of the Greek city-states, including Athens. Art of the classical period combined realistic artistic principles with civic aesthetic ideals and democratic tendencies. During the classical period the regular planning of cities was developed; among the founders of this science was the architect Hippodamus. The order system of architecture practiced by Ictinus and Callicrates achieved a high degree of harmony and tectonic balance. Perfect human forms combining spiritual and physical beauty were created by the sculptors Myron, Polyclitus, Phidias, Scopas, and Praxiteles, as well as by Lysippus, whose creative work was also linked with the next historical stage. It is customary to divide the classical period into three subperiods: early classical, with a “severe style,” in the first half of the fifth century B.C.; high classical, in the second half of the fifth century B.C.; and late classical, 400–325 B.C.

REFERENCES

Kolpinskii, Iu. Iskusstvo Gretsii epokhi rastsveta. [Moscow] 1937.
Voshchinina, A. I. Antichnoe iskusstvo. Moscow, 1962.
Polevoi, V. M. Iskusstvo Gretsii: Drevnii mir. Moscow, 1970.
References in classic literature ?
But the gardeners of the classical period, who cultivated the best pear they could procure, never thought what splendid fruit we should eat; though we owe our excellent fruit, in some small degree, to their having naturally chosen and preserved the best varieties they could anywhere find.
The site dates back to the Classical period (5th to 4th centuries BC)
The dean, who is also a scholar in Islamic Studies, presented supporting evidence that the post classical period has a "vitality that, at times, is comparable to, and even supersedes in its scope, intensity and quality, the cultural activities of the classical period." Conference Chair and Assistant Professor at GU-Q Dr Sohaira Siddiqui noted that while the conference brings together scholars from all disciplinary fields in Islamic thought and participants from different parts of the world, "what connects everyone is a shared interest in questions of historical change, intellectual and cultural production, and scholarly interconnections.
The dean, who is also a scholar in Islamic Studies, presented supporting evidence that the post classical period has a "vitality that, at times, is comparable to, and even supersedes in its scope, intensity and quality, the cultural activities of the classical period." Conference chair and assistant professor at GU-Q, Dr Sohaira Siddiqui, noted that while the conference brings together scholars from all disciplinary fields in Islamic thought and participants from different parts of the world.
This could serve as an introduction to ornamentation in difficult slow movements of the classical period, such as the second movement of Beethoven's Op.
'In countries abroad where people do not know where the Philippines is on the map, I go like, 'Okay, There's nothing to lose.' I even think in Europe, where most of the composers of the classical period came from, the audiences there are quite amused of me being a person from some ethnic country playing their classics.'
The decorations on the painting indicate that it belongs to the classical period of the Roman era with an area of 8 square meters (2 wide and 4 long) of it unearthed so far, he added, indicating that work is continuing to reveal the entire painting.
"We estimated that in the late classical period there lived seven to 11 million people here," said Miller.
Childs argues that Greek art in this era was a natural outgrowth of the high classical period and focused on developing the rudiments of individual expression that became the hallmark of the classical in the fifth century.
This tall octagonal building, one of the best preserved monuments from the classical period, was built by the architect-astronomer Andronikos of Kyrrhos as a horologion for keeping time.
Spevack not only delineates the archetypal scholar in the Islamic tradition, but also engages debates over the alleged decline of Islamic intellectual thought after the classical period, the closure of the gate of ijtihad, the anti-rationalist tendencies of post-Ghazalian Muslim scholarship, and the stagnation of the ulema as a force in society prior to the reformist wave of the modern period.