hog cholera

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Related to Classical swine fever: African swine fever, Swine erysipelas

hog cholera,

acute, highly infectious viral disease of swine, also called swine fever. It is perhaps the most serious disease of swine in North America. It is characterized by dullness and listlessness, loss of appetite, rise in temperature to between 105°F; (41°C;) and 107°F; (42°C;), diarrhea, and often death. Purple hemorrhagic areas will appear on the abdomen and many pigs display nervous signs, such as circling, incoordination, muscle tremors, and convulsions. Mortality is very high and recovered animals are permanently stunted. The disease is transmitted readily by direct or indirect contact. The virus may enter a herd through contaminated feed, water, equipment, or by contact with an infected animal or person. At one time, feeding pigs raw garbage containing pork scraps from infected pigs was a common cause of infection. For this reason the United States and many other countries now prohibit the feeding of uncooked garbage to pigs. A national hog cholera eradication program has been established in the United States to eliminate all possible sources of virus introduction. A vaccine is available in areas where the disease is still present.

hog cholera

[′häg ‚käl·ə·rə]
(veterinary medicine)
A fatal infectious virus disease of swine characterized by fever, diarrhea, and inflammation and ulceration of the intestine; secondary infection by Salmonella cholerae suis is common. Also known as African swine fever.
References in periodicals archive ?
Validation of a real time RT-PCR assay for sensitive and specific detection of classical swine fever.
OIE Symposium on classical swine fever (Hog Cholera), Summaries: 9-10 julio.
Autocatalytic cleavage within classical swine fever virus NS3 leads to a functional separation of protease and helicase.
A MAJOR exercise is planned to safeguard Wales and the UK from a "significant outbreak" of Classical Swine Fever (CSF) that has the potential to cause devastating epidemics across Europe, it has emerged.
By registering, subscribers will receive alerts on up to five notifiable animal diseases - foot-and-mouth disease, bluetongue, avian influenza, Newcastle disease and classical swine fever.
The Danish pig industry has been given the all clear following a suspected outbreak of Classical Swine Fever.
Pestivirus" is a scientific term for a group of viruses that includes economically important ones such as bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) viruses and hog cholera virus, also known as classical swine fever virus.
If the tests prove positive for classical swine fever, all animals at the unit will be slaughtered.
The institute of virology and immunology (ivi) is the swiss reference laboratory (biosafety level 4) for the diagnosis, monitoring and control of highly contagious animal diseases such as avian influenza, foot-and-mouth disease and classical swine fever.
Differentiation of African and classical swine fever viruses [in Russian].
On the occasion of the EU Agriculture Council, held on 14 April in Luxembourg, the European Commission had called upon Slovakia to strengthen measures to combat classical swine fever.