Clathrate Compounds


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Clathrate Compounds

 

one of the forms of inclusion compounds. Widely known are the clathrate compounds formed by inert gases (argon, krypton, xenon) and by the components of natural gas mixed with water. Here, the gas molecules penetrate the cavities of the crystal structure composed of H2O molecules. The external appearance of these gas hydrates of methane, ethane, propane, isobutane, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, and so forth resembles packed snow. It has proved convenient to store and transport inert gases in the form of their crystalline clathrate compounds. The formation of clathrate compounds, however, impedes the production and transport of natural gas.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.