Claude John Eyre Auchinleck

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Auchinleck, Claude John Eyre


Born June 21, 1884, in Aldershot, Hampshire, England. British field marshal (1946). Son of an officer.

Auchinleck graduated from the Royal Military College in Sandhurst in 1903. He served in the British colonial forces in India, in Egypt and Mesopotamia in World War I (1914–18), and again in India until 1940. In May-June 1940 he commanded the Anglo-French troops in northern Norway and then the troops of the English Southern Command. He was commander of the British troops in the Near East from July 1941 to August 1942. Auchinleck was removed from his command for his retreat in 1942. His direction of the British troops was severely criticized as a consequence of the failures of 1942. He was commander in chief of the British troops in India from 1943 to 1947. Auchinleck directed military actions against the Japanese troops in Burma from 1943 to 1945.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Field Marshal Sir Claude Auchinleck was in Pakistan to attend the joint centenary celebration of 1st Punjab (his old battalion) and 5th Punjab (Sherdills), after which he visited the centre.
Field Marshal Sir Claude Auchinleck, the commander-in-chief of the British Indian Army, was initially in favour of a joint military command for India and Pakistan.
He preferred to listen to Lord Mountbatten GG of India and Field Marshal Claude Auchinleck. The tragic reality is that Muslim officers under Gen Gracy's command chose in their wisdom to obey him, instead of Quaid's order, who was sole legitimate competent authority and not GG Mountbatten.
While not dismissing Stirling's considerable contribution to the regiment's genesis, Jones's insightful investigation identifies all of the major factors that played a part in shaping the SAS, including the role of such notables as Dudley Clarke, Archibald Wavell and Claude Auchinleck, among others.
His colleague at Murrayfield was the Second World War commander Field Marshall Claude Auchinleck, whose statue stands on Broad Street near to the site of the old Five Ways Shopping Centre built by the firm and the building which used to bear his name, now a Park Regis hotel.
Both of the opposing generals in the first battle of El Alamein between 1st and 27th July -- Claude Auchinleck and Erwin Rommel -- were something of outsiders.
Items will include photographs of the original Auchinleck House - currently undergoing a PS50 million transformation to become the hotel - as well as history about Sir Claude Auchinleck, the British army commander after whom the building is named.
They maintained the confidence of their commander in chief, Claude Auchinleck, who once ordered that"no Indian officer must be regarded as suspect and disloyal merely because he is what is called a nationalist."
The building was built in1964 and named after the great Second World War general Claude Auchinleck, who later unveiled a statue of himself within the Edgbaston Shopping Centre below.
By the end of May the German commander at Narvik, Lieutenant-General Eduard Dietl, was isolated, under-supplied and outnumbered by the British under Lieutenant-General Claude Auchinleck.
August 15 The widely liked World War I hero Field Marshal Sir Harold Alexander replaces Field Marshal Sir Claude Auchinleck in command of British forces in the Middle East, headquartered in Cairo, Egypt.