Claudio Monteverdi

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Related to Claudio Monteverdi: Francois Couperin, Giovanni Gabrieli

Monteverdi, Claudio

(klou`dyō mōntāvĕr`dē), 1567–1643, Italian composer; first great figure in the history of opera. His earliest published works, a set of three motifs, appeared when he was only 15. In 1590 he entered the service of the duke of Mantua, becoming choir master in the ducal court in 1601. Monteverdi's first opera, Orfeo, performed at Mantua in 1607, was revolutionary in its combination of dramatic power and expressive orchestral accompaniment. Of his next opera, Arianna (1608), only the celebrated lament, which Monteverdi himself arranged as a five-part madrigal, is extant. In 1613, Monteverdi was appointed choirmaster of St. Mark's, Venice, where he remained until his death. He took holy orders in 1632. Although he wrote mostly church music after settling in Venice, he continued to develop his dramatic gifts in many secular madrigals and dramatic cantatas such as Il combattimento di Tancredi e di Clorinda (1624). After the first public opera house opened in Venice in 1637, the aged Monteverdi produced his last operas, including Il ritorno di Ulisse in Patria (1641) and L'incoronazione di Poppea (1642), which show marked development in characterization and emotional power. They set the style of later Venetian opera. Of his 21 dramatic works, only six, including three operas, are extant. He was among the first composers to use the tremolo and pizzicato effects with strings, and his music shows a strong sense of modern tonality. In his operas he used large orchestras, whose members he grouped into specific combinations to portray characters on stage. His brother Giulio Cesare Monteverdi, 1573–?, was a composer, organist, and critic, and Claudio's assistant at the court of Mantua.


See studies by D. Arnold (1963 and 1968) and L. Schrade (1950, repr. 1969).

Monteverdi, Claudio


(Claudio Giovanni Antonio Monteverdi). Born May 15, 1567, in Cremona; died Nov. 29, 1643, in Venice. Italian composer.

From 1590 to 1612, Monteverdi served as a musician, singer, and choirmaster in the chapel of the Gonzaga dukes in Mantua. In 1613 he became the choirmaster of St. Mark’s Church in Venice. Monteverdi wrote mainly polyphonic choral music; between 1587 and 1683 he published eight books of madrigals. Continuing the polyphonic tradition of the 16th century, Monteverdi strove for lyrical and dramatic expressiveness in his music; this tendency is noticeable even in his madrigals, which gradually led to a renewal of the whole madrigal genre.

From 1607, Monteverdi was occupied chiefly with composing operas. Only his first opera, La f a vola a “Orfeo (1607, Mantua), and his last two, // ritorno d “Ulisse in patria (1640, Bologna) and I’incoronazione di Poppea (1642, Venice) have been preserved. Monteverdi developed and broadened the opera’s musical expressiveness; he imparted to this then new genre (“fairy tale set to music, ““drama set to music“) real dramatic meaning. He was the innovator of the stile concitato (emotional style) in music. Monteverdi greatly influenced his contemporaries, especially the composers of the Venetian school.


Konen, V. D. K. Monteverdi. Moscow, 1971
Prunières, H. Claudio Monteverdi. Paris, 1924.
Malipiero, G. F. Claudio Monteverdi. Milan, 1929.
Albert, A. A. Claudio Monteverdi und das musikalische Drama. Lippstadt, 1954.


References in periodicals archive ?
Segun una cronica de la epoca, "se canto una misa solemne, compuesta por el signor Claudio Monteverdi, maestro di capella y gloria de nuestro siglo, en la cual se unieron coro y trompetas en perfecta armonia durante el Gloria y el Credo".
Denis Stevens first interpreted the key word 'preiulio' as 'preludio' (The Letters of Claudio Monteverdi, London, 1980, p.
We also have Port Douglas, Shogun, Claudio Monteverdi and Sword Fighter left in the race, but we won't decide how many of them will run until before declaration time tomorrow morning," he added.
Ed Dunlop stumped up [euro]100,000, on behalf of Red Verdon's owners to add the Epsom Derby sixth to the list of likely runners, a list which includes six from Ballydoyle - Us Army Ranger, Idaho, Port Douglas, Shobun, Sword Fighter and Claudio Monteverdi, plus the Jim Bolger-trained pair Moonlight Magic and Stellar Mass.
Aidan O'Brien's well-regarded Claudio Monteverdi (5-6 Fav) never landed a blow in fourth.
Surely, magic is no stranger to opera; the first operas ever written in Italy by Jacopo Periand Claudio Monteverdi, for example, were all based on the magical power of Orpheus' musical instrument,the lyre.
Using as examples the madrigals and operas of Claudio Monteverdi and his predecessors (especially Giaches de Wert, Jacob Arcadelt, Adrian Willaert, Cipriano de Rore, and Luca Marenzio), Calcagno demonstrates how apt a narratological approach, especially a deictic one, can be for texted music.
The programme is built round the Mass In Illo Tempore, composed 400 years ago by Claudio Monteverdi, and there will also be plainchant and motets by another Italian composer, Giovanni Palestrina.
Its manners and modes of behaviour are still with us and could, with a leap of imagination, be said to parallel the pioneering artistic spirit of the Mantuan court which gave rise, in 1607, to composer Claudio Monteverdi and librettist Alessandro Striggio's Orfeo.
Pederson's madrigals are skillfully composed in the style of the time, but less adventurous than the avant-garde madrigals by composers such as Luca Marenzio, Carlo Gesualdo, and Claudio Monteverdi.
Where else would you see a dozen copies of No Parlez, Paul Young's ageing album alongside box sets of the Sacred Vocal Music of Claudio Monteverdi for a quid apiece?
A scenario featuring six Renaissance couples moves from suspicion, through eroticism, to break-up backed by music by Italian composer, violist and choirmaster Claudio Monteverdi (1567-1643).