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Clauses are groups of words that contain both a subject and a predicate.
There are two main types of clauses: independent clauses, which can function independently as sentences, and dependent clauses, which depend on an independent clause to form a sentence.
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Law a section of a legal document such as a contract, will, or draft statute
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a technical legal term used to denote:

(1) Each individual provision or condition in such documents as constitutions, statutes, declarations, laws, treaties, resolutions, and instructions.

(2) In the narrow sense, a special provision or reservation attached to a treaty.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


(computer science)
A part of a statement in the COBOL language which may describe the structure of an elementary item, give initial values to items in independent and group work areas, or redefine data previously defined by another clause.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


In the AIA documents, a subdivision of a subparagraph, identified by four numerals, e.g.,
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


A logical formula in conjunctive normal form, which has the schema

p1 ^ ...^ pm => q1 V ... V qn.

or, equivalently,

~p1 V ... V ~pn V q1 V ... V qn,

where pi and qi are atoms.

The operators ~, ^, V, => are connectives, where ~ stands for negation, ^ for conjunction, V for disjunction and => for implication.


A part of a sentence (or programming language statement) that does not constitute a full sentence, e.g. an adjectival clause in human language or a WHERE clause in a SQL statement.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (
References in periodicals archive ?
Clause Three of the Edict stipulated that the Prime Minister and each of the ministers according to their domain will implement the provisions of this Decree effective from the date of publication in the Official Gazette.
"These two new model clauses provide broad policy exclusions which may be utilized as a starting or reference point for underwriters offering cover for traditional business classes that may include an element of cyber risk," said Chris Jones, IUA director of legal and market services, in a statement.
Both clauses were developed in response to concerns expressed by the UK Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA) about potentially unintended or unclear provision of coverage for cyber risks in various classes of insurance business, explained the IUA.
The two new cyber clauses are available to download, along with all IUA model clauses, from the association's clauses website (
The first new model clause, called "Cyber Loss Absolute Exclusion Clause" (reference: IUA 09-081), provides market participants with an option to exclude in the broadest possible manner any loss arising from the use of a computer system, network or data - each of which is clearly defined.
The second model clause, called "Cyber Loss Limited Exclusion Clause" (reference: IUA 09-082), enables only the exclusion of losses directly caused by cyber events, rather than "directly or indirectly."
examined the use of arbitration clauses and forum selection clauses in
provisions of those clauses. (6) Choice-of-law clauses have attracted
of choice-of-law clauses, arbitration clauses, and forum selection
clauses in a hand-collected dataset of 157 international supply
Prevalence of Dispute Resolution Clauses, Virtually all the
clauses, their arbitration clauses, and their forum selection clauses.