Clausula


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Related to Clausula: Clausula rebus sic stantibus
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Clausula

 

a rhythmic ending (in prose, of a phrase; in poetry, of a line) determined by the number of unstressed syllables following the last stressed one.

If the stress falls on the last syllable, it is called a masculine clausula (for example, golová, “head”); on the penultimate syllable, feminine (golóvka, “little head”); on the third from the end, dactylic (gólovy, “heads”); and on the fourth or more from the end, hyperdactylic (pokriákivaet, “it quacks,” or pádaiushchie, “falling”). Since it is the clausulas that are harmonious in rhymed verse, the terms “masculine rhyme” and so on are also used.

The nature of the clausula influences the rhythmic flow of the verse: masculine clausulas create jerky rhythms, and feminine and dactylic ones smoother verse. Compare the sound flow in lines that differ only in their clausula:

Vórŏn vórŏnú krĭchít:

and

’Vórŏn! gdé b năm ótŏbédăt’?’

Said one raven to the other:

“Raven! Where shall we dine?”

A. S. Pushkin

Ói, pŏlná, pŏlná kŏróbŭshkă

and

V bléskĕ zímnĕi nóchĭ taóŭshchăiă

Oh, the peddler’s box is full

N. A. Nekrasov

Melting in the splendor of the winter night

A. A. Blok

The pattern of the clausula alternation—one of the determinants of the strophe—also influences the rhythm of a poem. In Russian poetry the alternation of masculine and feminine clausulas is most common.

REFERENCE

Shengeli, G. Tekhnika stikha. Moscow, 1960. Pages 21–29, 273.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Las controversias han girado especificamente sobre un problema particular: si el centro de gravedad de la clausula en cuestion permite atraer, como la tierra atrae a la luna, no solo condiciones "sustantivas", sino tambien aspectos tradicionalmente considerados "adjetivos" por la doctrina, como son los mecanismos de solucion de controversias.