Clavière, Étienne(ātyĕn` klävyĕr`), 1735–93, French financier. A merchant and banker of Geneva, he participated (1782) in the popular revolution at Geneva and was forced to leave when the aristocrats returned to power in the same year. He settled in Paris. During the French Revolution Clavière was an adviser to the comte de Mirabeau on financial policy and had a part in the issuing of assignatsassignats
, paper currency issued during the French Revolution. To redeem the huge public debt and to counterbalance the growing deficit, the revolutionary constituent assembly issued (Dec.
..... Click the link for more information. . He was finance minister in the king's Girondist cabinet of Mar.–June, 1792. Clavière fell with the GirondistsGirondists
, political group of moderate republicans in the French Revolution, so called because the central members were deputies of the Gironde dept. Girondist leaders advocated continental war.
..... Click the link for more information. and committed suicide rather than face the Revolutionary Tribunal.