Clement V


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Clement V

, pope
Clement V, 1264–1314, pope (1305–14), a Frenchman named Bertrand de Got; successor of Benedict XI. He was made archbishop of Bordeaux by Boniface VIII, who trusted him; surprisingly, he was also in some favor at the court of Philip IV, even though Philip and the pope were archenemies. He was crowned pope at Lyons in Philip's presence and lived the rest of his life in France. In 1309 he settled at Avignon, beginning the long, controversial residency of the papacy there. The pontificate of Clement is one long chronicle of dictation by the French king. Although Clement effectively squelched Philip's effort to have Boniface posthumously condemned as a heretic—an act that would have been disastrous to the papacy—he supported Philip in the infamous suppression of the Knights Templars. He called the Council of Vienne (1311; see Vienne, Council of) to settle the issue and to deal with questions of heresy and church reform. He opposed Philip by supporting the election and coronation (1312) of Henry VII as Holy Roman emperor, but later renounced Henry for his policies in Italy. The Constitutiones Clementinae, issued by the pope in 1313, are important in canon law. He was succeeded by John XXII.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Clement V

 

(secular name, Bertrand de Got). Year of birth unknown, in Villandraut; died Apr. 20, 1314, in Roquemaure. Pope from 1305; prior to this, archbishop of Bordeaux (from 1290).

Clement was a protégé of the French king Philip IV the Fair, under whose pressure he transferred his residence to Avignon in 1309. He also transferred to Philip IV for a term of five years the right of collecting church tithes in France; in 1312 he dissolved the order of the Templars.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Clement V

original name Bertrand de Got. ?1264--1314, pope (1305--14): removed the papal seat from Rome to Avignon in France (1309)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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VAT-ICAN Clement V was instrumental in birth of Chateauneuf du Pape