Clement VII


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Clement VII,

antipope (1378–94): see Robert of GenevaRobert of Geneva,
d. 1394, Genevan churchman, antipope (1378–94; see Schism, Great) with the name Clement VII. He was archbishop of Cambrai (1368) and was created (1371) a cardinal.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Clement VII,

c.1475–1534, pope (1523–34), a Florentine named Giulio de' Medici; successor of Adrian VI. He was the nephew of Lorenzo de' Medici and was therefore first cousin of Pope Leo X. In 1513 he became a cardinal and as archbishop of Florence was noted as a reformer. He was a chief supporter and adviser of Adrian in his attempts to reform the church. As pope, however, he proved to be unaware of the menace of Lutheranism to the church and was certainly not the man for the opening battles of the Reformation. His relations with Holy Roman Emperor Charles VCharles V,
1500–1558, Holy Roman emperor (1519–58) and, as Charles I, king of Spain (1516–56); son of Philip I and Joanna of Castile, grandson of Ferdinand II of Aragón, Isabella of Castile, Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, and Mary of Burgundy.
..... Click the link for more information.
 were never very cordial, since Clement allied himself with Francis IFrancis I,
1494–1547, king of France (1515–47), known as Francis of Angoulême before he succeeded his cousin and father-in-law, King Louis XII. Wars with the Holy Roman Emperor
..... Click the link for more information.
 of France in the League of Cognac (1526). As a result of his hostility to the emperor, the imperial troops attacked Rome in 1527, sacked the city, and held the pope for some months. Eventually (1529) peace was achieved and Clement crowned Charles emperor. About 1527 the first stage of the struggle of Henry VIIIHenry VIII,
1491–1547, king of England (1509–47), second son and successor of Henry VII. Early Life

In his youth he was educated in the new learning of the Renaissance and developed great skill in music and sports.
..... Click the link for more information.
 of England against the church began. Clement's behavior in the matter of the divorce and the dispensations for a new marriage has been called vacillating, but when the situation became critical, he put the irreproachable Cardinal CampeggioCampeggio, Lorenzo
, 1472?–1539, Italian churchman and diplomat, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He was well known as a jurist before turning to the service of the church (c.1510) upon the death of his wife. He was made bishop in 1512 and cardinal the following year.
..... Click the link for more information.
 in charge of the case with Cardinal Wolsey. Later canon lawyers have steadily maintained that, whether he was influenced by Charles V or not, Clement followed the only course possible on legal grounds. He was a patron of Raphael, Michelangelo, and Benvenuto Cellini. He was succeeded by Paul III.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Clement VII

original name Giulio de' Medici. 1478--1534, pope (1523--34): refused to authorize the annulment of the marriage of Henry VIII of England to Catherine of Aragon (1533)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
He had the challenge of persuading Pope Clement VII of Henry VIII's divorce wishes.
In the wedding contract he negotiated for her in 1531, Clement VII excluded from the dowry her possessions in Tuscany.
The title page bears Cosimo's coat of arms, and the full title makes reference to its dedication to Giulio de' Medici, "who then was made Supreme Pontiff and called Pope Clement VII." (76)
Peter's"; Scott Opler, "'Palladio and Vignola on the Orders'; Benjamin Paul, "Issues of Political Iconography: Clement VII's Personal and Political Concerns in his Representation as Leo I in the Sala di Costantino"; Nicholas Penny, "Absent Architecture in Sixteenth-Century Altarpieces"; Sherly E.
(105.) Ferrante is said to have repaid the favor by intervening on Rafaello's behalf when he was imprisoned by Pope Clement VII for his spirited defense of the Florentine Republic during the siege of 1529.
His fortunes were temporarily reversed when Leo died in 1521, but improved still more when Giulia de' Medici was elected Pope Clement VII in 1523.
"If you get things you have "It's laughable to think they were ever going to get a good deal when negotiating with the EU, how would they ever strike fear into anybody?" Starkey describes the Reformation, where the Church of England broke away from the Roman Catholic Church after Pope Clement VII refused Henry a divorce, as a previous version of Brexit.
Claudius II and Pope Clement VII were both killed by enemies who poisoned them with deadly mushrooms.
The outstanding cast includes tenor John Osborn in the title role as the Renaissance sculptor commissioned by the Pope to create his likeness; bass-baritone Maurizio Muraro as Giacomo Balducci, the Papal treasurer; baritone Laurent Naouri as Fieramosca (Balducci's prospective son-in-law); bass Orlin Anastassov as Pope Clement VII (yes, the Pope is a cast member, and that was a controversial move at the time); soprano Mariangela Sicilia as Teresa (Balducci's daughter) and Canadian mezzo-soprano Michele Losier in the substantial trouser role of Ascanio (Cellini's apprentice).
He discusses Paradise in contention: the "foremost chapel in the world" and Sixtus IV; triumphal gate and entrance hall to the City of God: Michelangelo's ceiling frescoes and Julius II; tabernacle, Solomon's temple, and the heavenly Jerusalem: Raphael's tapestries and Leo X; and the gate to eternity: Michelangelo's Last Judgement, Clement VII, and Paul III.
As he gained an increasingly important role in family patriarch Giulio de' Medici's (Pope Clement VII) bid for Medici grandeur (due to the lack of males in the senior Medici line), so too did his presence in historical records.