Clement VII


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Clement VII,

antipope (1378–94): see Robert of GenevaRobert of Geneva,
d. 1394, Genevan churchman, antipope (1378–94; see Schism, Great) with the name Clement VII. He was archbishop of Cambrai (1368) and was created (1371) a cardinal.
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.

Clement VII,

c.1475–1534, pope (1523–34), a Florentine named Giulio de' Medici; successor of Adrian VI. He was the nephew of Lorenzo de' Medici and was therefore first cousin of Pope Leo X. In 1513 he became a cardinal and as archbishop of Florence was noted as a reformer. He was a chief supporter and adviser of Adrian in his attempts to reform the church. As pope, however, he proved to be unaware of the menace of Lutheranism to the church and was certainly not the man for the opening battles of the Reformation. His relations with Holy Roman Emperor Charles VCharles V,
1500–1558, Holy Roman emperor (1519–58) and, as Charles I, king of Spain (1516–56); son of Philip I and Joanna of Castile, grandson of Ferdinand II of Aragón, Isabella of Castile, Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, and Mary of Burgundy.
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 were never very cordial, since Clement allied himself with Francis IFrancis I,
1494–1547, king of France (1515–47), known as Francis of Angoulême before he succeeded his cousin and father-in-law, King Louis XII. Wars with the Holy Roman Emperor
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 of France in the League of Cognac (1526). As a result of his hostility to the emperor, the imperial troops attacked Rome in 1527, sacked the city, and held the pope for some months. Eventually (1529) peace was achieved and Clement crowned Charles emperor. About 1527 the first stage of the struggle of Henry VIIIHenry VIII,
1491–1547, king of England (1509–47), second son and successor of Henry VII. Early Life

In his youth he was educated in the new learning of the Renaissance and developed great skill in music and sports.
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 of England against the church began. Clement's behavior in the matter of the divorce and the dispensations for a new marriage has been called vacillating, but when the situation became critical, he put the irreproachable Cardinal CampeggioCampeggio, Lorenzo
, 1472?–1539, Italian churchman and diplomat, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He was well known as a jurist before turning to the service of the church (c.1510) upon the death of his wife. He was made bishop in 1512 and cardinal the following year.
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 in charge of the case with Cardinal Wolsey. Later canon lawyers have steadily maintained that, whether he was influenced by Charles V or not, Clement followed the only course possible on legal grounds. He was a patron of Raphael, Michelangelo, and Benvenuto Cellini. He was succeeded by Paul III.

Clement VII

original name Giulio de' Medici. 1478--1534, pope (1523--34): refused to authorize the annulment of the marriage of Henry VIII of England to Catherine of Aragon (1533)
References in periodicals archive ?
Snippets gathered largely from secondary sources give way to informed conclusions about Felice's way of life found in her financial accounts and later in letters exchanged between Felice and her circle of family and friends, which eventually included not only her father, Julius II, but the two Medici popes who succeeded him, Leo X and Clement VII.
They cover his character, politics, and family; the sack of Rome and its aftermath; resynthesis; Clement VII as patron; artists, musicians, and literati in his Rome; and antiquity revived and Renovatio in religion and art.
Recruits are always sworn in on May 6, marking the day in 1527 when 147 Swiss Guards died while protecting Pope Clement VII during the sacking of Rome.
But very soon after the marriage, Clement VII died with these promises unfulfilled and the rest of Catherine's dowry unpaid.
Giacomo Balducci John Del Carlo Teresa Isabel Bayrakdarian Benvenuto Cellini Marcello Giordani Fieramosca Peter Coleman-Wright Bernardino Patrick Carfizzi Francesco Eduardo Valdes Innkeeper Bernard Fitch Ascanio Kristine Jepson Pompeo Galen Scott Bower Pope Clement VII Robert Lloyd
The Anglican Church itself separated from the Roman Catholic Church; it was created by England's King Henry VIII in the 16th century after Pope Clement VII wouldn't grant him a divorce from Catherine of Aragon.
3 million member body that is part of the 77 million strong Anglican Communion, which traces its roots to Henry VIII's break with Pope Clement VII in the 16th century.
In 1522, Christians in England considered Pope Clement VII, the head of the Roman Catholic Church, to be their spiritual leader.
Pope Clement VII commissioned the funerary chapel in 1524 and various designs were discussed, but the project was abandoned after the sacking of Rome in 1527.
He lived for a while in Perugia before moving to Rome in 1517, where he wrote a series of viciously satirical lampoons supporting the candidacy of Giulio de' Medici for the papacy (Giulio became Pope Clement VII in 1523).
Finally, there is the question of the Congress of Bologna in 1530, a diplomatic exercise of European wide importance that also saw the coronation of Charles V by Clement VII, the last time a Pope would crown an emperor.