Clement VIII

Clement VIII,

1536–1605, pope (1592–1605), a Florentine named Ippolito Aldobrandini; successor of Innocent IX. He reversed the policy of his predecessors by allying the Holy See with France rather than with Spain, which had assumed a dictatorial attitude over the papacy. Clement absolved Henry IVHenry IV,
1553–1610, king of France (1589–1610) and, as Henry III, of Navarre (1572–1610), son of Antoine de Bourbon and Jeanne d'Albret; first of the Bourbon kings of France.
..... Click the link for more information.
 of France after his abjuration of Protestantism, and the two rulers were thereafter on most friendly terms. Clement was distinguished for his piety, and he labored for the improvement of the clergy and of the charitable institutions of Rome. His confessors were St. Philip NeriPhilip Neri, Saint
, 1515–95, Italian reformer. His original name was Filippo Romolo de' Neri. From boyhood he was religious, and in 1533 he went to Rome to study.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and BaroniusBaronius, Caesar
, 1538–1607, Italian ecclesiastical historian, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He went to Rome c.1557 and soon came under the tutelage of St. Philip Neri.
..... Click the link for more information.
, whom he created cardinal. He was succeeded by Leo XI.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(3) Clare Robertson, Rome 1600: The City and the Visual Arts under Clement VIII (New Haven/London: Yale University Press, 2015), p.
The construction of the current Apostolic Palace started on the 30th of April 1589 during the reign of Pope Sixtus V and it was completed by his successors Pope Urban VII, Pope Innocent XI and Pope Clement VIII.
The cathedral is the seat of the Archdiocese of Manila, which began as a suffragan diocese of the Archdiocese of Mexico until 1595, when Pope Clement VIII created the Archdiocese of Manila.
This in turn gave him access to the most important (and the richest) patrons of art in Italy; during his working life, he worked for 7 popes and the Medici family (2 of the popes, Leo X and Clement VIII, were from the Medici family).
Rome 1600: The City and the Visual Arts under Clement VIII. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2015.
An attempt at reunification between the Roman and Orthodox communions happened in 1595 under Pope Clement VIII, but was thwarted by Vatican officials including some elite Jesuit factions.
The icon, painted in Rome in 1598, was given by Pope Clement VIII to a Catholic traveler from Minsk.
Clement VIII, Jan 1592-Mar 1605: Confined to bed by gout during his later years.
Pope Clement VIII alleviated fears that coffee was a tool of the devil to corrupt unsuspecting souls by sampling a cup of the questionable liquid himself.
Famous in his own time, and knighted by the Aldobrandini Pope Clement VIII as Cavaliere d'Arpino for his decorative work in St Peter's and the Lateran Baptistry, his brightness has been dimmed by the fame of the contemporaneous Bolognese School and that of Caravaggio, who was for a while his assistant, and to the end esteemed Cesari, taking hints from Cesari's Betrayal of Christ for his own version now in the Dublin National Gallery.
After investigating this witch-hunt, Pope Clement VIII released the accused witches, who had been named by two demoniacs, and prosecuted the local bishop for torturing subjects without sufficient evidence and for failing to appeal the case to Rome.
It is the three earliest articles of those printed here, concerning the revival of French influence at the papal court, deliberately pursued by Henri IV (1965), the unsuccessful attempts by the French nuncios to influence the fortunes of Catholics in England at the beginning of the seventeenth century (1967), and an examination of the policy of Clement VIII toward Ferrara and the excommunication of Cesare d'Este in late 1597 (1962), which deal with rather broader historical issues, and for which sources other than papal documents have been used.