Clement XI


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Clement XI,

1649–1721, pope (1700–1721), an Italian (b. Urbino) named Giovanni Francesco Albani; successor of Innocent XII. He was known in his youth for his prodigious learning and brilliance. He became cardinal in 1690. As pope he was involved in the struggle between France and Austria over the throne of Spain; he recognized Philip VPhilip V,
1683–1746, king of Spain (1700–1746), first Bourbon on the Spanish throne. A grandson of Louis XIV of France, he was titular duke of Anjou before Charles II of Spain designated him as his successor.
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 but later was forced into recognizing Charles of Hapsburg, the other claimant. The chief spiritual concern of his pontificate was that of Jansenism (see under Jansen, CornelisJansen, Cornelis
, 1585–1638, Dutch Roman Catholic theologian. He studied at the Univ. of Louvain and became imbued with the idea of reforming Christian life along the lines of a return to St. Augustine.
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). The brief Vineam Domini (1705) condemned the Jansenist ideas on papal infallibility, and in 1713 he issued the bull Unigenitus, which condemned certain other Jansenist propositions. He was succeeded by Innocent XIII.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Coptic grammar includes a letter of 1701 by Eusebius Renaudot containing an evaluation of the Elementa requested by Pope Clement XI and effectively granting the imprimatur (see p.
In 1709, Pope Clement XI officially condemned the Jesuits' efforts.
Although at the time of the Jansenist controversy, Clement XI condemned the proposition that "No grace is granted outside the Church," the dominant magisterial teaching remained the rigid position of "No salvation outside the Church.
In 1716, Pope Clement XI signed the Act of Incoronation and the image was crowned on September 8, 1717 in the presence of about 200,000 faithful.
Although Alexander VII had explicitly approved of these new missionary methods in 1656, a later pope, Clement XI, revoked that approval in 1704 and forbade the use of Chinese rites -- a decision that proved disastrous for the church's future missionary outreach to China.