Croesus assumes that he is the happiest, and he is put into wonder (thaumazein) upon hearing that Solon has nominated three Greeks above him: Tellus in first place, followed by the brothers Cleobis
and Biton in second (1.30).
This theme is first explicitly stated in Solon's story of Cleobis
and Biton early in book 1.
4-6; Euripides treated the myth in his Hypsipyle); another pair of twins, Cleobis
and Biton, transported their mother ('famous for horses') to the sanctuary of Hera (Hdt.
californica Banks 1903 (which is a junior secondary homonym of Cleobis
californica Banks 1899); H.
Her sons, Cleobis
and Biton, yoked themselves to the cart and hauled her six miles across hot roads to the festival.
For example, as Herodotus' story of Cleobis
and Biton suggests, the Argive feast in honour of Hera seems to have included both men and women, during the archaic age at least: thus, when Cleobis
and Biton pull a wagon carrying their mother to Hera's temple for a feast, according to Herodotus' Solon, both men and women are there to congratulate them; and Hera rewards the boys for their deed by having them die (happily) in their sleep after they sacrifice and banquet (1.31).
Biton and Cleobis
, Bitonalso spelled BitoIn Greek legend, the sons of Cydippe, priestess of Hera at Argos, noted for their filial devotion and for their athletic prowess and strength.
"Myth, Ritual, and Authorial Control in Herodotus' Story of Cleobis
and Biton (Hist.