Cleopatra VII


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Related to Cleopatra VII: Hatshepsut, Nefertiti
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cleopatra VII

 

Born 69 B.C. in Alexandria; died there 30 B.C. Last ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty. Daughter of Ptolemy XII Auletes; sister and wife of Ptolemy XIII, with whom she was, beginning in 51 B.C., coruler and with whom she engaged in a power struggle.

Cleopatra VII was exiled to Syria in 48 B.C.; however, in 47, after the Alexandrine War, she returned to Egypt through the help of Julius Caesar, who had been enthralled by the intelligent and educated queen and who fathered her son Caesarion. After 41 B.C. she was the ally and mistress of Mark Antony, who in 37 married her in spite of Roman custom; she supported him in his struggle with Octavian (Augustus). After the defeat at Actium in 31 and the invasion of Egypt by Octavian’s army, Antony and then Cleopatra committed suicide. Legend has it that she was brought a poisonous snake whose bite was held by the Egyptians to confer immortality. Cleopatra has figured prominently in literature ( Shakespeare, Shaw) and art (G. Tiepolo, P. Rubens).

REFERENCE

Franzero, C. M. The Life and Times of Cleopatra. London [1957].

I. S. KATSNEL’SON

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
After the suicide of Cleopatra VII and the Roman annexation of Egypt in 30 BC, Octavian issued a series of coins commemorating his victory.
I do not say you will easily discover a black basalt bust of Cleopatra VII of the quality shown at the exhibition, but you will find Roman jewellery of the kind that was fashionable in Egypt during Antony's Roman occupation.
Research of the past few decades has placed Tausret's name and her works alongside women of ancient Egypt who are more familiar: Hatshepsut, Nefertiti, and Cleopatra VII. Her deeds as regent and pharaoh and her undisclosed death, however, remain uncertain.
The film was based on the life of famed beauty Cleopatra VII of Egypt who was married to her younger brother Ptolemy when Roman general Julius Caesar arrived in Africa, fathering a child with the young queen.
Washington, April 21 ( ANI ): An Italian Egyptologist has rediscovered a sculpture of Alexander Helios and Cleopatra Selene, the offspring of Mark Antony and Cleopatra VII, at the Egyptian museum in Cairo.
this time due to the famous suicide of Cleopatra VII of Egypt, who is
The remaining three papers (chapters 3, "Cleopatra, the Diadem and the Image"; 4, "Cleopatra VII Philopatris"; and 5.
The EHCA also claims to have discovered the underwater ruins of the royal quarter of Cleopatra VII and the Portus Magnus, the main harbour used by the Ptolemaics who ruled Egypt from 304 BC to 30 BC.
Cleopatra VII was the last queen of the Ptolemaic dynasty, ruling as co-regent with her son, Ptolemy XV.
Cleopatra VII, Ptolemaic ruler of Egypt from 51-30 BCE, remains a mythic figure to both popular and academic historians.