Clerodendrum


Also found in: Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Clerodendrum

 

a genus of plants of the family Verbenaceae. Members may be semishrubs, shrubs, lianas, or small trees with opposite or verticillate leaves. The flowers are gathered into panicles or corymbs and sometimes have a brightly colored calyx. There are approximately 390 species, chiefly in the tropics of the eastern hemisphere. In some species (for example, C. fistulosum from Borneo) the hollow internodes of the stems are inhabited by ants. Many species of Clerodendrum are used in horticulture, often under the name Volkameria.

The liana C. thomsonae from West Africa, which has blossoms with a white calyx and a red corolla, and C. speciosissimum (C. fallax) which has purple flowers and is native to the Sunda Islands and the eastern Pacific, are often cultivated in greenhouses. The Sino-Japanese species C. fragrans, with pinkish-white fragrant blossoms, is a common house plant.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Garo tribe residing in Sherpur district used the young leaves and stems of Clerodendrum viscosum with stems of Tinospora cordifolia for treatment of fever, muscle pain, joint ache, and gastrointestinal discomfort.
Umushyigura VERBENACEAE Clerodendrum myricoides (Hochst.) Umukuzanyana R.Br.
The hepatoprotective potential of Clerodendrum infortunatum (synonym of Clerodendrum viscosum) has been reported (Sannigrahi et al., 2009); the Kaviraj used the plant to treat liver problems (Serial Number 23).
Clerodendrum viscosum was used by the TMP to treat malaria (Serial Number 7); the anti-malarial and anti-pyretic properties of this plant have been reported (Bhattacharjee et al., 2011).
Clerodendrum Lamiaceae Bamon hati indicum (L.) Kuntze Clerodendrum Lamiaceae Bait viscosum Vent.
grandiflora Clerodendrum Lamiaceae Asthma, respiratory indicum difficulties, chest pain due to cold, helminthiasis.
In one formulation, barks of Mangifera indica, Clerodendrum viscosum, Azadirachta indica, Syzygium cumini, Phyllanthus emblica and Citrus grandis and stems of Cycas pectinata (total weight about 2 kg) were mixed and boiled in water till the volume was reduced to 1/2 liter.
The sample of Dodder (Cuscuta reflexa) were collected from the Gardens of NF Railway Headquarter at Maligaon growing wildly on a Hedge plant, Clerodendrum enermi.