Kleve

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Kleve

Kleve (klēv), Cleve or Eng. Cleves, city (1994 pop. 44,780), North Rhine–Westphalia, W Germany, near the Dutch border. Tourism is important in the city, and its manufactures include foodstuffs, clothing, and chemical products. It is a rail junction and popular resort. Among its noteworthy buildings are the collegiate church (14th–15th cent.), which contains the tombs of the dukes of Kleve, and the 11th-century Schwanenburg [Ger.,=swans' castle], which is associated with the legend of Lohengrin. Kleve was the capital of the former Duchy of Cleves.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kleve

 

or Cleve, a historical region along the lower Rhine (mostly in the Federal Republic of Germany, in North Rhine-Westphalia).

Kleve was originally a county of the Holy Roman Empire. In 1368 it was combined with the county of Mark, and in 1417 it became a duchy. In 1511 (1521?) the duke of Kleve added the duchies of Jülich and Berg to his possessions. A struggle between the German princes for Jülich-Kleve flared up after the end of the Kleve line in 1609. This struggle resulted in the transfer in 1614 (conclusively, in 1666) of Kleve and a number of other territories to Brandenburg. The Kleve territory was held by France from 1795 to 1805. By a decision of the Congress of Vienna of 1814–15, Kleve passed to Prussia (and partly to the Netherlands).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
He has to run at least twice more or win a fast-track qualifier, so he's running in the Cleves at Lingfield next week."
Add a warm orange colour with the Cleves Grand Sofa, PS2,199
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He said he'd just recently worked with Cleves on lighting and sound for a school performance.
The first of these, for the first readers of La Princesse de Cleves, could not fail to evoke Madeleine de Scudery's allegorical Carte de Tendre, in which Inclination was the name of the principal city and the river that rushed amorous travelers to the capital and, quite often, past their destination into "la Mer dangeureuse." The literature of preciosite, like Madame de Chartres's lesson, warned women against this danger.
Into that debate steps historian Rachel Hope Cleves with a new study that rescues from oblivion the marriage-like union between two women, Charity Bryant [1777-1851] and Sylvia Drake [1783-1868].
Rachel Hope Cleves's fascinating book Charity and Sylvia recovers, examines, and celebrates the lifelong partnership of these extraordinary women.
Cleves Delp knows a little something about attracting and keeping high-net-worth clients.
Anne of Cleves, King Henry VIII's fourth wife, was one of the few wives who survived her marriage to the king.
He replaces Tom Cleves, who has been named vice president and general manager of Containerboard & Recycling.