funicular

(redirected from Cliff railway)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.

funicular

1. a railway up the side of a mountain, consisting of two counterbalanced cars at either end of a cable passing round a driving wheel at the summit
2. relating to or operated by a rope, cable, etc.
www.funimag.com/Funimag-funi03.html

Funicular

 

a cable-drawn, hoisting and conveying system for moving passengers and freight for short distances up steep grades. Funiculars are used in cities and resort centers as well as in mountainous regions. The use of the funicular as a form of passenger transport was first proposed in 1825, with the first installations opening in 1854 in Genoa, Italy, and Sommerein, Austria.

A funicular may be described as a hoist with cars that are connected by cable to a power-driven winch; the cars move between upper and lower stations along an inclined railway. The winch and its drive are usually located at the upper station. Carrying passengers, freight, or both, a funicular may use one car, which alternately ascends and descends, or, more often, two cars, which are fastened to opposite ends of a cable and move counter to each other, the weight of one counterbalancing that of the other.

Two-car funiculars have either a double track, with a separate path for each car, or a single track with a siding halfway up the run. Passenger cars are built so that the floor remains nearly horizontal regardless of the inclination of the track (usually less than 35°C). Freight cars, which transport such materials as timber and rock, are designed more simply than passenger cars, and the stations are equipped for loading and unloading operations.

The safety features of funicular cars include emergency brakes, warning devices, communications gear, and block signal systems, all of which may be used to coordinate operations between the upper and lower stations and bring cars to a halt if an emergency arises.

Intermittent operations, lengthy periods required for loading and unloading, speeds of less than 3 m per second, and the inability to travel complex routes limit the use of funiculars, which generally handle no more than 600 persons per hour. In the USSR, funiculars are used in Odessa, Kiev, Tbilisi, and Sochi.

I. I. IVASHKOV

funicular

[fə′nik·yə·lər]
(engineering)
References in periodicals archive ?
The longest funicular electric cliff railway in Britain would be on <B your doorstep if you stayed in the Aberystwyth apartment
Journey on the Lynton & Barnstaple Steam Railway Journey on the Lynton & Lynmouth Cliff Railway Visit to Minehead, Dunster, Lynton & Lynmouth Price includes Private coach travel from your local area Three nights' stay with three course evening meal & cooked breakfast Journey on the West Somerset Steam Railway Call our Holiday Advisors here in the UK www.
Other local attractions include Worcester Castle, Ludlow Castle and the historic Bridgnorth Cliff Railway.
Great Devon & Somerset Railway Journeys Price includes Private coach travel from your local area Three nights' stay with three course evening meal & cooked breakfast Journey on the West Somerset Steam Railway Journey on the Lynton & Barnstaple Steam Railway Journey on the Lynton & Lynmouth Cliff Railway Visit to Minehead, Dunster, Lynton and Lynmouth DIAMOND HOLIDAY www.
This is the only inland cliff railway in the country, and was the bright idea of the entrepreneur and publisher, George Newnes.
ABERYSTWYTH ELECTRIC CLIFF RAILWAY Longest electric cliff railway in Britain has been carrying people up Constitution Hill since 1896.
The famous cliff railway is powered by water, providing another opportunity to make a contribution to the environment.
AN ad in my local paper read: "Scarborough only 50 years from the promenade and the cliff railway.
Katy and Aled Jones ON CAT's waterpowered cliff railway Picture: GILES THAXTON, WWW.
Lynmouth, famous for its seaod, is popular with day-tripers, drawn by its Victorian war-powered cliff railway to ynton.
95; family pounds 26 TRANSPORT Bridgnorth Cliff Railway Castle Terrace, Bridgnorth, Shropshire 01746 762052 www.